Kgf To Lbs

EquipmentTrader. History/origin: The pound-force is part of the foot-pound-second (FPS) system of units. This is simple to use online converter of weights and measures. View our entire inventory of New or Used Kubota Equipment. Our engineers have spent countless hours developing and re-developing our springs, in order to create a product that is light, durable, and compliant, while still maintaining linear spring rates. Since pressure is derived from force and area, many units for pressure directly relate force to area. 20 lbf 1 kgf = 2. 100 kgf A Scale 60 kgf F Scale 60 kgf 15T Scale 15 kgf 30T Scale 30 kgf 45T Scale 45 kgf 3000 kgf Hardness 10 kgf 500 gf & over Equiv. 5 are lbm/ft^3. Kilogram Force : The kilogram-force, or called kilopond, is a gravitational metric unit of force. A woman weighing 110 pounds weighs 50 kilograms. There are 2. Convert 250 Newtons to Kilograms Force with our online conversion. The newton is equal to the amount of force needed to accelerate a one kilogram mass at a rate of one meter per second squared. It has a market capitalisation of £4,005m, with approximately 2,110m shares in issue. If you could share this tool with your friends, that would be a huge help: Tweet. 6 lbs 4 kg = 8. Online Conversion is a resource for weights, measures, calculators, converters. Pound-force is a unit of force equal to the force needed to move one pound of mass at a rate of 32. Use this page to learn how to convert between pounds-force and kilograms-force. 59237 grams. The following is a list of definitions relating to conversions between pounds and kilograms. 9 kPa lbf/in² (psi) kgf/cm² 0. The mass m in kilograms (kg) is equal to the mass m in pounds (lb) times 0. Kilogram Force Per Square Meter and Pound Force Per Square Meter both are the units of PRESSURE. Easy way to remember is 1 KG/mm = 56 LBS/in. The metric system unit used to describe pressure is the pascal (Pa) which translates to newtons per square meter. Kilogram is an SI unit of mass whereas Pound is an imperial unit of. You also can convert 3. 3937^2 inch^2 1 cm^2 = 0. 453592 kilogram-force Quickly perform this simple mathematical operation with this online program. The force value 200 kgf (kilogram-force) in words is "two hundred kgf (kilogram-force)". Kilogram-force metres to Foot-pound force. Since the EE system operates with these units of force and mass, the Newton's Second Law can be modified to. The kilogram [kg] to pound [lbs] conversion table and conversion steps are also listed. FOOT POUND TO KILOGRAM-FORCE METER (ft lb TO kgf m) CHART. 092452437lbs). 80665 m/s 2, the pound-force was not precisely defined. Initial testing showed a strength amplification of 20 to 1, which means that 100 pounds feels like only five pounds for the suit’s user. Type the number of Foot-pound force you want to convert in the text box, to see the results in the table. com Home of Conversions & Useful Formulas Torque Conversions. 867961665 lbf-in. Convert lb/ft2 to kgf/ft2. Convert Delete. You also can convert 3. us (pound-force/square foot to kilogram-force/square foot (US)). hello, i have a problem please help me i need convert: 1. For example, on KylesConverter. It is equal to the gravitational force exerted on a mass of one avoirdupois pound on the surface of Earth. 5 Kilogram Force to other Force (popular) units. Simply select the input unit, enter the value and click "Convert" button. Pound Force : The pound-force, or pound is a unit of force in some systems of measurement including British engineering units and British gravitational units. This tool converts kilogram meter to pound foot (kg·m to lb·ft) and vice versa. History/origin: The pound-force is part of the foot-pound-second (FPS) system of units. 15 kilogram force centimeters ( kgf cm ). 07031 (the conversion factor). pound-force inch to kilogram-force meter (lb*in to kgf*m) conversion 1 pound-force inch is equal 0. 65 kilograms-force per square centimeter are equal to how many pounds per square inch? How much are 65 kgf/cm2 in pounds per square inch? How to convert kilograms-force per square centimeter to pounds per square inch? What is the conversion factor to convert from kilograms-force per square centimeter to pounds per square inch?. Convert between units using our free converter. Conversion Kilogram meter to Pound foot. τ lbf-in = 86. Kilograms to pounds (kg to lbs) converter and conversion table to find out how many pounds in kilograms. A pound is defined as exactly 0. In most cases, all you need to do to convert is to multiply the number of. OMEGA-RT) designed to evaluate metallographic specimen hardness. Whilst every effort has been made in building this pressure converter, we are not to be held liable for any special, incidental, indirect or consequential damages or monetary losses of any kind arising out of or in connection with the use of the converter tools and information derived from the web site. How much is lb/ft2 to kgf/ft2. Conversion from Kgf/cm2 to Bars. The newton is equal to the amount of force needed to accelerate a one kilogram mass at a rate of one meter per second squared. May 28th, 2012. 110 lbs / 2. 80665 m/s2 gravitational field. Know your torque meter better. How many pound force inches in a kilogram force centimeter: If τ kgf-cm = 1 then τ lbf-in = 0. Torque Converter / Metric / Kilogram-force Meter [kgf. 20462, since 1 kg is 2. Unit Converter with the most commonly used Units Common converting units for Acceleration, Area, Density, Energy, Energy per unit mass, Force, Heat flow rate, Heat flux, Heat generation per unit volume and many more. Also see our blog post for more information. Units include MPa, GPa, pounds, kilograms, psi, grams, ounces, watts, joules, and many more. Bursting strength is reported in pounds (for example, 275#). 85074579 = Inch Pounds. mmH2O Conversions from mmH2O: Kgf/cm2 Conversions to Kgf/cm2:. 101971621 kilogram-force (kgf). So, if you want to calculate how many pounds are 125 kilograms you can use this simple rule. It is common to see forces expressed in Kilonewtons or kN, where 1 kN = 1,000 N. Liter (l) is a unit of Weight used in Volume system. Therefore we select a 10 mm MSB10 with a M8 thread section. The most common definition of horsepower, mechanical horsepower is the horsepower James Watt invented in 1782. Convert Kilogram Force Per Square Meter to Pound Force Per Square Meter (kgf/m2 in lbf/m2). Then multiply the amount of Kilogram you want to convert to Lb, Lbs, use the chart below to guide you. 233 pound foot. Bookmark this page as your torque calculator resource. 0 Mils to mm. Units can be converted in measurement size, such as from ozf. A woman weighing 110 pounds weighs 50 kilograms. 2046 lbs 1 cm = 0. 152 = Kilograms-force centimetre X 0. 5 N to 10 kN). 1 kilogram (kg) is equal to 2. Torque Wrench Adapter Calculator Metric Bolt Torque Table in Nm Inch Bolt Torque Table in Nm Torque Conversion Table Torque Wrench Tips. Newton Meters x 8. The season is rapidly approaching. It's easy to forget what the conversion is so we put together a quick and easy chart to use for reference. 807 m/s^2[/math] F = 9. Conversion from Kgf/cm2 to Bars. A pound is defined as exactly 0. All instances of it should be replaced by 9. Then click the Convert Me button. 806 650 E+04 bar. 150 kgf D Scale 100 kgf A Scale 60 kgf 15N Scale 15 kgf 30N Scale 30 kgf 45N Scale 45 kgf 3000 kgf Hardness 10 kgf 500 gf & over Equiv. The lb (Pound) is a unit of mass (sometimes called weight) and the psi (pounds per square inch) is a unit of pressure. 101971621 kilogram-force (kgf). Liter (l) is a unit of Weight used in Volume system. Bookmark this page as your torque calculator resource. ** Units of force are: Newton (N), kilogram-force (kgf), pound-force (lbf); 10N is about the same as 1 Kgf or 2 lbf. Convert LIVE. Unvalued zeros on all numbers have been suppressed. This table contains values to multiply-by to convert common units of torque. A pound is a unit of weight commonly used in the United States and the British commonwealths. 44 N 1 LB =. The torque value 120 kgf. Convert between units using our free converter. Function Description. Kilogram Force Per Square Millimeter and Psi both are the units of PRESSURE. Once you have measured the mass of a body in kilograms and calculated its weight in Newtons using the value 9. Convert 30 Kilograms to Pounds with our online conversion. So converting kN to kg should only be done for the sake of convenience, and either one of them can't be used as the equivalent of the other when they're part of an equation. 1 kilogram meter ≈ 7. 07031 (the conversion factor). Pounds per square foot to Kilogram force per square meter formula. Type the number of Foot-pound force you want to convert in the text box, to see the results in the table. Pound is a unit of mass expressed as lbs and Newton is the unit of force and is expressed as 'N'. 867961665 × τ kgf-cm. Kilograms/Cubic Meter to Pounds/Cubic Foot Converter. Instantly Convert Kilograms-force (kgf) to Pounds-force (lbf) and Many More Force Conversions Online. Browse Harley-davidson Motorcycles. 17514659kg). Pound-force can be abbreviated as lbf, and are also sometimes abbreviated as lb F. edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. 3937^2 inch^2 1 cm^2 = 0. lb = kg * 2. Convert between units using our free converter. 130 pounds are equal to 130 x 0. Conversion from Kgf/cm2 to Bars. View our entire inventory of New or Used Harley-davidson Motorcycles. Printable Torque Conversion Chart English to Metric - foot-pounds to meter/kilograms. Conversion of units between Pound Force and Newton (Si Unit) (lbf and N) is the conversion between different units of measurement, in this case it's Pound Force and Newton (Si Unit), for the same quantity, typically through multiplicative conversion factors (lbf and N). The value will be converted to all other units of the actual measure. It was formerly a base unit of the Technical measurement system. CycleTrader. Know your torque meter better. 45359237 kilograms (kg). Pressure - the amount of force that is applied to an area where the force is distributed. 1 kgf/cm 2 equals 98. 174049 feet per second squared. calculators, engineering calculators Enter value in unit as per your requirement and click on calculate. 'lb' = pounds & 'oz' = ounces. replacing headdegrees of rotation to foot/pounds. First of all, the unit kJ/m^2 and ft-lb/in are in DIFFERENT dimensions. To convert kilograms to pounds and ounces, first multiply the kilogram value by 2. 80665 m/s2 gravitational field. 15 kilogram force centimeters ( kgf cm ). PSI is also used as a measure of tensile strength, defined as resistance to pulling forces, and elastic modulus strength, defined as. 210 kN/m to oz/in 7. PSI is commonly used to measure the pressure of gasses (pneumatic pressure) or liquids (hydraulic pressure). Another option sometimes used is the Kilogram-centimeter (abbreviated kgf-cm), which is a kilogram of force acting on a lever one centimeter long. And that can only mean anyone interested in getting a wager down on "Futures" pools needs to do so prior to the kickoff of the 100th anniversary of the NFL. 204623 pounds. 013 250 E+05 atmosphere (technical) Pa 9. How to convert 136 kilograms to pounds To convert 136 kg to pounds you have to multiply 136 x 2. Pressure is a scalar quality reflecting how force acts on a surface. 1 kilogram meter ≈ 7. The pound is defined as 453. Kg and pound. Mathematically, torque is defined as the product of force and the lever-arm distance, which tends to produce rotation. Kilogram Force : The kilogram-force, or called kilopond, is a gravitational metric unit of force. Spring rate is the most important part of your compression or extension spring design, but it is also the most complicated spring calculation. How to convert kilogram force meters to pound force inches [kgf-m to lbf-in]:. The approximation of 1 kg corresponding to 10 N is sometimes used as a rule of thumb in everyday life and in engineering. Since the EE system operates with these units of force and mass, the Newton's Second Law can be modified to. 224808943 pounds force (lbf) = 0. 1 kilogram-force (kgf) is the force exerted by the Earth's gravitation on an object of mass 1 kg. Force unit conversion between kilogram-force and pound-force, pound-force to kilogram-force conversion in batch, kgf lbf conversion chart. Know your torque meter better. 76 pascals (Pa) 1 kg/cm² = 98066. Definition of pound. the basic unit of mass is pound-mass (lb m) the unit of force is the pound (lb) alternatively pound-force (lb f). This is simple to use online converter of weights and measures. Between kgf and lbf measurements conversion chart page. Oil pan drain plug tightening torque: 3. Please upload a file larger than 100 x 100 pixels; We are experiencing some problems, please try again. If you need to convert kilograms/cubic meter to other units, please try our universal Density Unit Converter. Kilogram-force is a force measurement and can be abbreviated as kgf, for example 1 kgf. Many Other Conversions. Please see the LCHD for complete details, or contact our Pressure department for more information. If you change the precision level to 2, the value in the answer box will change to 1. Easily convert millibar to pounds per square inch, convert mbar to psi. com always has the largest selection of New or Used Harley-davidson Motorcycles for sale anywhere. Torque is generally expressed in newton meters (Nm). The symbol for pound is lb or lbs. Its symbols are kgf and kgF. 2 = 154 lbs. There are 16 ounces in a pound. The EDjunior dynamometer gets straight to the point, apply a load - take a reading. 1 kilogram force (kgf) was the force of gravity, which is pushing a mass of 1 kg at one place in the world on the ground; calculated according to Newton's law force = mass × acceleration. This is a conversion chart for pound per square foot (British and U. A newer standard that has achieved widespread acceptance is the Edge Crush Test (ECT). The lb (Pound) is a unit of mass (sometimes called weight) and the psi (pounds per square inch) is a unit of pressure. It is for manual use and does no calculations. 91274747 ft lb. 2736 ounces. May 28th, 2012. How to convert Pounds to Kilograms. One kilogram equals 2. • Pound force inches to newton metres 1 lbf. The pound unit of weight is also known as the imperial pound, avoirdupois pound and international pound. Series 5 advanced digital force gauges are designed for tension and compression force testing in numerous applications across virtually every industry, with capacities from 0. The value will be converted to all other units of the actual measure. The following is a list of definitions relating to conversions between pounds and kilograms. Kilograms to Pounds Conversions. 2: Enter the value you want to convert (pound per square foot). 2046 lbs 1 cm = 0. Whilst every effort is made to ensure the accuracy of these conversions iceweb does not take any responsibility for errors. Kilogram-force metres to Foot-pound force. Convert 120 kg to pounds. The pound is a measurement of mass used in the imperial system, and is accepted on a day-to-day basis as a. This conversion table package allows conversion from one set of units to another. 45359237 to obtain the amount in kg. Press the "convert" button. 8 m/s 2 for g, you can easily convert to Gs and back again. A kilogram-force is equal to the magnitude of the force exerted by one kilogram of mass in a 9. 35923kg, and is a much easier sum to do in your head! Definitions of Pounds and Kilograms. Do not use calculations for anything where loss of life, money, property, etc could result from inaccurate conversions. 233 pound foot. 4 lbs 3 kg = 6. cm, or from some combination. Know your torque meter better. 3937 inch 1^2 cm^2 = 0. A pound-force is sometimes also referred to as a pound of force. Until 1901, when the General Conference of Weights and Measures adopted a standard acceleration due to gravity of 9. Here's a few quick charts: 700 lb/in = 12. Whilst every effort is made to ensure the accuracy of these conversions iceweb does not take any responsibility for errors. Roughly 1 KG/mm is equal to 55. PSI is also used as a measure of tensile strength, defined as resistance to pulling forces, and elastic modulus strength, defined as. Please follow the diagrams below let me know if you need anything else to get the problem fixed. 力の単位 変換後 ニュートン(SI単位) N ダイン dyn 重量キログラム kgf 重量ポンド lb f パウンダル pdl 変換前 1 N =1 kg·m/s 2 =10 5 dyn ≈0. 083 = Pounds-force feet (Ibf ft; lb ft) X 12 = Pounds-force inches. pound-force inch to kilogram-force meter (lb*in to kgf*m) conversion 1 pound-force inch is equal 0. 806 65 m/s 2 gravitational field (standard gravity, a conventional value approximating the average magnitude of gravity on Earth). 110 lbs / 2. Mark-10 M5-2 Force gauge, 2 lbF / 32 ozF / 1 kgF / 1000 gF / 10 N. It was formerly a base unit of the Technical measurement system. There are 2. 8 kN/m to lbs/inch 10. Inch Bolt Torque Table in Ft. What is a pound (lb)? A pound is a unit of mass in both US Customary Units as well as the Imperial System. This table contains values to multiply-by to convert common units of torque. 45359237 = 58. Kilogram-force to Pound-force. But, this is a very easily printed table for reference. Torque Wrench Adapter Calculator Metric Bolt Torque Table in Nm Inch Bolt Torque Table in Nm Torque Conversion Table Torque Wrench Tips. Ships from and sold by The Dirty Gardener. 8 m/s 2 for g, you can easily convert to Gs and back again. A force gauge is a small instrument used to measure the force exhibited when administering a test that applies pressure via push or pull. com always has the largest selection of New or Used Kubota Equipment for sale anywhere. Kilogram is an SI unit of mass whereas Pound is an imperial unit of. This is close to the genuine answer of 45. Mathematically, torque is defined as the product of force and the lever-arm distance, which tends to produce rotation. It is the basic measure of the propulsive effect of a powered wheel. Note that rounding errors may occur, so always check the results. Try our Torque Calculator to convert all the torque units. 85074579 = Inch Pounds. So converting kN to kg should only be done for the sake of convenience, and either one of them can't be used as the equivalent of the other when they're part of an equation. 22480894387096 pounds, or 0. 204622622 lbs 84 kg * (2. This guide will help you know a little more about the pound, the kilogram and how to convert one into the other. Pounds per square foot. hello, i have a problem please help me i need convert: 1. Back to Newton's second law. The suit’s entire weight and that of the payload is all. 806 650 E+04 bar. 20462262 = 2. Unit Converter with the most commonly used Units Common converting units for Acceleration, Area, Density, Energy, Energy per unit mass, Force, Heat flow rate, Heat flux, Heat generation per unit volume and many more. Simply use our calculator above, or apply the formula to change the length 20 kg to lbs. If you need to convert kilograms/cubic meter to other units, please try our universal Density Unit Converter. One pound (lb), the international avoirdupois pound, is legally defined as exactly 0. kgf and slugs are no more stupid than shoes on mules or something to that effect. Diferent force units conversion from kilogram force to pounds-force. In the EE system 1 lb of force will give a mass of 1 lb m a standard acceleration of 32. edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. Whilst every effort is made to ensure the accuracy of these conversions iceweb does not take any responsibility for errors. Discover a universal assistant for all of your unit conversion needs - download the free demo version right away!. To convert between Kilogram and Lb, Lbs you have to do the following: First divide 1 / 0. 80665 N, so it can finally be eradicated. 2 = 154 lbs. Converting 20 kg to lb is easy. FREE 24 hour cancellation on most flights. 2046226218 to convert into pounds. Free online pressure conversion. First of all just type the pounds (lbs) value in the text field of the conversion form to start converting lbs to kg, then select the decimals value and finally hit convert button if auto calculation didn't work. Bookmark this page as your torque calculator resource. 1 kilogram force (kgf) ≈ 10 Newtons(N) Created Date: 7/11/2017 4:40:01 PM. Pounds to Kg How to convert Kilograms to Pounds. 80665 [ (N) / (kgf) ] = 20 kgf To convert among any units in the left column, say from A to B, you can multiply by the factor for A to convert A into Newtons then divide by the factor for B to convert out of Newtons. The most common definition of horsepower, mechanical horsepower is the horsepower James Watt invented in 1782. I take it that you need to calculate the pressure of a number of pounds on a. 1 Kilogram (kg) is equal to 2 pounds and 3. Convert LIVE. Convert pressure units. 5 to 10 pounds (0. Units include MPa, GPa, pounds, kilograms, psi, grams, ounces, watts, joules, and many more. τ lbf-in = 86. How to convert kilogram force meters to pound force inches [kgf-m to lbf-in]:. com, if you begin with a precision value of 1 and enter 10 Newtons, the result will show as 1 Kgf. Kilogram Force : The kilogram-force, or called kilopond, is a gravitational metric unit of force. 1 foot pound in kilogram-force meter = 0. It is common to see forces expressed in Kilonewtons or kN, where 1 kN = 1,000 N. This table contains values to multiply-by to convert common units of torque. In countries where the metric system is more common, m3/min or m3/h is sometimes being used, but even there, CFM is the most common unit. In most cases, all you need to do to convert is to multiply the number of. Do not use calculations for anything where loss of life, money, property, etc could result from inaccurate conversions. 22480894387096 pound-force. 45359237 kg. A pound-foot (lbf⋅ft) is a unit of torque (a pseudovector). Unvalued zeros on all numbers have been suppressed. 806 650 E+04 bar. One pound-force is approximately equal to 4. Type the number of Foot-pound force you want to convert in the text box, to see the results in the table. (Imperial system)). Just as a force is a push or a pull, a torque can be thought of as a twist to an object. kgf/cm kgf/m gf/cm LB/in LB/ft 它們間的關係. 092452437lbs). The manual, for the last two sequences of torque application. 80665 N by definition). The number before the decimal point is the pound value. Pound Force : The pound-force, or pound is a unit of force in some systems of measurement including British engineering units and British gravitational units. Yards) to another unit type (e. 45359237 to obtain the amount in kg. 554715 pounds. 8 m) Boom, 3 ft 2 in (0. Press the "convert" button. 092452437lbs). Convert 30 Kilograms to Pounds with our online conversion. So, if you want to calculate how many pounds are 136 kilograms you can use this simple rule. The metric system unit used to describe pressure is the pascal (Pa) which translates to newtons per square meter. 80665 N, so it can finally be eradicated. 22480894387096 pound-force. Units can be converted in measurement size, such as from ozf. com Home of Conversions & Useful Formulas Torque Conversions. How to convert kilogram force centimeters to pound force inches [kgf-cm to lbf-in]: τ lbf-in = 0. 3558179520029 newton meter (N*m) use this converter newton meter to pound-force foot (N*m to lb*ft. 76 pascals (Pa) 1 kg/cm² = 98066. Force unit conversion between kilogram-force and pound-force, pound-force to kilogram-force conversion in batch, kgf lbf conversion chart. If you could share this tool with your friends, that would be a huge help: Tweet. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: