Json Parse Double Quotes

js API framework which helps you to develop RESTful API very easy and fast. HtmlDecode(value);. Is there an easy way to get rid of double quotes after parsing JSON? I have a SQL with quite a lot of columns. I tried to parse it with R but I got to know it's not supported in MS Cloude Service, where the report is supposed to be published to, so I have to deal with it any other way. To support older browsers, use JSON2 written by Douglas Crockford as polyfill. enclosed by double quotes. We use cookies for various purposes including analytics. • JSON stands for JavaScript Object Notation • Lightweight format for storing and transporting data • JSON is often used when data is sent from a server to a web page • Based on subset of javaScript • Easy to read and write data • Can be used with modern languages What is JSON?. If you want code to be valid JSON, you need to use double quotes. Remove escape of quotes with Newtonsoft. These can cause all sorts of parsing errors when you run your page through the Google’s Structured Data testing tool, but thankfully you View Article. This sample parses a JSON object using M:Newtonsoft. To start viewing messages, select the forum that you want to visit from the selection below. Deserialize backslash and double-quote fixing hi, still working in serach inside grids. In JSON, unquoted field names are non-standard, and should be avoided. > JSON should have a nicer way of dealing with double quotes in data. Arduino JSON is very helpful Library for encoding and. On AutoIt, there is already a >JSON UDF written by Gabriel Boehme. This is because double-quotes in Snowflake are used for IDENTIFIERS, not STRING LITERALS. If we use any valid JSON parser like Json. To do that I have a text field on the object I create which holds the JSON string. com "Tryit Editor" to have a double quotes in the output of the JSON. parse() approach. In this case though, since we are working with a String, the rule approach works just fine. Therefore, the parser correctly parses only "hello". The consuming system is taking it as String instead of it's original property type. Boon JSON parser fails to parse such a message: { "name": "Festi. Could a new templating be used for those wanting to use the JSON. String parsing. 169 to avoid recursion to be able to parse n_structure_100000_opening_arrays. A name/value pair consists of a field name (in double quotes), followed by a colon, followed by a value. Single jsonSingle However, from our testing, only EMD. It's very simple and easy way to parse JSON Data and Share with others. parse() is the only mandatory argument, but you have can also add an optional second argument, which is referred to as a reviver function. It can also convert Python dictionaries or lists into JSON strings. Is there an easy way to get rid of double quotes after parsing JSON? I have a SQL with quite a lot of columns. Eventually it will have same versioning machinery as PostGIS proper 2014-07-22 22:41 Regina Obe * [r12818] #2852 sfcgal extension needs to be relocatable 2014-07-22 22:34 Regina Obe * [r12817] Define new &address_standardizer_required; xml constant and flag functions requiring it 2014-07-22 08:52 Sandro Santilli * [r12816] Drop dependency of. Android Web service Overview Json Parsing. 5 for details of JSON string representation. The quote characters must be simple quotation marks (0x22), not slanted or "smart" quotes. Toggle the switch Output CSVJSON variant to output that format. quote - String, quote around cell values and column names. Python dict to json double quotes If you need to create the dictionary with all names inside double quotes instead of default single quotes which Python uses then you can use the following code. parse() takes a string. Seems like the example for server side has recently been enhanced and expanded. The json_sample_data2 file contains an array with 3 employee records (objects) and their associated dependent data for the employee's children, the children names and ages, cities where the employee has lived and the years. It is called Parsing Canonical Form because the transformations strip away parts of the schema, like "doc" attributes, that are irrelevant to readers trying to parse incoming data. Comma Separated JSON. The Bottom Line. write a function to json quote the values. The app loads fine and displays the list of items, however, they are all surrounded by double quotes. A name/value pair consists of a field name (in double quotes), followed by a colon, followed by a value:. trim()” method on the string, if you think there might be some chance of extra space etc in the JSON string. The orginal string has double quote characters that, when saved as JSON format, must be escaped (preceded by the character \). Posts about JSON written by wofong. stringify() JSON. 1 section of APDSU spec, the JSON serialization format of the following number types are stored in a double quotation: Edm. But the JSON response returned with \ before quotes (escape character)I need those escapre slashes removed! This is an example response to show what is. expected result: parsing should have succeeded but failed: parsing should have failed but succeeded: result undefined, parsing succeeded: result undefined, parsing failed. JSON is a text-based open standard designed for human-readable data interchange. The customer consumes our RESTful API by posting data in JSON, and the JSON is in the format of without names being double-quoted. com "Tryit Editor" to have a double quotes in the output of the JSON. CSVJON uses a modified version of JSON2 which adds formatting options to drop quotes on keys, and sepcify the quote type. with incorrect syntax. The spec file should be valid formatted YAML. How to escape double quotes in JSON - Stack Overflow. loads(data) would refuse this as json require double quotes. Is there some other escape character that I need to use or does snowflake simply not allow a value field to contain double quotes?. This is needed because JSON names require double quotes. exceptions import a Python Exception into a ''Response'' object with a body that is a JSON string we may need to render a parse error, at which point we don't know # much. This can be used to use another datatype or parser for JSON floats (e. If you prefer to parse the JSON data, see the Developer’s Guide, Working with JSON. JSON data is written as name/value pairs, just like JavaScript object properties. It is called Parsing Canonical Form because the transformations strip away parts of the schema, like "doc" attributes, that are irrelevant to readers trying to parse incoming data. Replace(" ","\ "). parse() but without success. jaagare 2013-08-20 09:00:21. parse(text), then the one you're looking for is the triple backslash double quotes \\\". Net use single quotes (') instead of double quotes (") JSON is simple. I tried str. JSON Learning Khaled Md. json parser - using jersey Now a days most of the companies building webservices using REST instead of SOAP. Easily include / exclude which keys/values will be parsed to JSON by commenting out/uncommenting the available ones. If you want to return an unescaped JSON object, pass the JSON column as an argument to the JSON_QUERY function, as shown in the following example. parse() method supports an optional filter function parameter that can be passed to transform values as they are parsed. OK, I Understand. parse(CharSequence, Range): expect and parse a part of the given JSON. // See RFC 4627 section 2. loads(data) would refuse this as json require double quotes. As specified for. stringify() and JSON. expected result: parsing should have succeeded but failed: parsing should have failed but succeeded: result undefined, parsing succeeded: result undefined, parsing failed. An optional reviver function can be provided to perform a transformation on the resulting object before it is returned. Parser is a type that take an argument, a function that takes Route and return something, and the product of that function Url. Boon JSON parser fails to parse such a message:. The formal JSON format does not allow strings in single quotes, but an implementation is allowed to accept them. JSON Parser getCurrentToken() 2. getContentText(). In this case though, since we are working with a String, the rule approach works just fine. Cannot parse Json data Cannot parse Json data. Unable parse JSON string If this is your first visit, you may have to register before you can post. This JSON is properly escaped when is send from server (with one backslash) but after is received in ACM it is lost, therefore I need another one for JavaScript. If those escaped double quotes are causing issue with spath, you may have to correct it before using spath (either by eval-replace or rex-sed). In json, literal double-quote characters may only be used as the outer quotes that surround a json string. Hello all, it’s been a while since I have blogged anything, been extremely busy with personal events in my life. Try doing a let variableToStoreJSON = JSON. parse() to remove quotations around JSON responses! Don't use regex, there's no need to. Each of the data types that are passed into JSON as values will maintain their own syntax, strings will be in double-quotes, but numbers will not be. The app loads fine and displays the list of items, however, they are all surrounded by double quotes. Suppose a parser is responsible for parsing a raw JSON stream into a specific object. Decimal jsonDecimal Edm. However, JSON and YAML have different priorities. Just use the returned string as it is. What to do to extract the JSON object using spath. stringify more readable with an indent argument. In this case you have to escape correctly your quotes in php, and then escape them and their escaping slashes with json_encode. parse() method parses a JSON string, constructing the JavaScript value or object described by the string. But if you're combining several filters in a single line, then you must use them. Try doing a let variableToStoreJSON = JSON. Hi, A JSON string value can contain double quotes, as long as they're protected with a backslash. Re: Parse Json values in Excel cells Originally Posted by manurockz007 I want to get the values after double quotes this is an json format i am not able to get exact text from the below format. Unlike JavaScript, JsonCpp expects property names (first, second) to be surrounded in double-quotes. Is there something easy to add/remove to trim the quotes out? I know I should probably be creating a product class that implements a list, and then load the list from the object, but in this case, I don't want to use the extra memory. Sending a POST request via curl has issues with double quotes. It essentially is a complete implementation of a JSON-like encoder/decoder that differs from the official specification in that it uses single quotes for keys and values instead of double quotes. Powershell double quotes parsing issue. JSON String Escape / Unescape. Then, with SED, first escape quotes (would be from subjet/body at this point), then replace those ^^^^ to quotes, giving a valid JSON with escape quotes. If you can't get rsyslog to serialize to JSON properly I suggest you avoid JSON. 1+ (happen in firefox, ie, edge, chrome). However, if the input string is null , it is interpreted as a VARIANT null value; that is, the result is not a SQL NULL but a real value used to represent a null value in semi-structured formats. JSON sytnax is based on JavaScript, But it's a text format. A name/value pair consists of a field name (in double quotes), followed by a colon, followed by a value:. So in most of the cases the JSON client or JSON parser will handle the case. write a function to json quote the values. The customer consumes our RESTful API by posting data in JSON, and the JSON is in the format of without names being double-quoted. Remember that NaN does not conform to JSON grammar, so in this case, JSONSerialization should throw an error, but not crash the whole process. JavaScript String Escape / Unescape. JSON (Javascript Object Notation) is a popular data-interchange format and supported by a lot of script languages. Hello, I want to know how to parse/deserialize a string to an object. The only caveat is that you lose intellisense by using the "dynamic" data type. The PHP tags are enclosed in single quotes inside the JSON. stringify() method converts a JavaScript object or value to a JSON string, optionally replacing values if a replacer function is specified or optionally including only the specified properties if a replacer array is specified. I tried setting up jsawk but wasn't successful. In JavaScript notation, a property name used in an object literal can be, but need not be, enclosed in double quotation marks. See the JSON website for details. stringify with Unsupported Data Types. also while single quotes work, the json spec specifies using double quotes:. Use of quote character in popular projects. Participate in discussions with other Treehouse members and learn. JSON_QUERY returns a valid JSON fragment. Insert escaped double quotes into MySQL JSON field As you can see here you have to use the double backslash escape sequence because you don't want the SQL parser. Defaults to " if not specified. I assume that you're trying to send that JSON to the remote website in question. Parser will return an ‘a’ ?. It's also the only secure format. js API framework which helps you to develop RESTful API very easy and fast. In JavaScript notation, a property name used in an object literal can be, but need not be, enclosed in double quotation marks. the json request must be enclosed in double quotes, or both, contain characters the JSON parser. error/txt are. hi, still working in serach inside grids. parse() but without success. stringify method stringifies objects as JSON strings. The parse_xml filter will load the spec file and pass the command output through formatted as JSON. This is perfectly valid JSON, per the JSON spec: A value can be a string in double quotes, or a number, or true or false or null, or an object or an array. CSV Escape Escapes or unescapes a CSV string removing traces of offending characters that could prevent parsing. Within each object, keys need to be unique. Unquoted JSON isn't JSON - the JSON spec requires that strings are quoted (with double quotes, not single quotes). While Object literals are not “JSON Objects,” there really is a JSON object, but it’s something else entirely. Remember that you are escaping two string literals: one for declaring the property and one for declaring the variable (lit. A JSON array begins and ends with brackets, and contains an ordered collection of values separated by commas. JSON Parser Online helps to parse, view, analyse JSON data in Tree View. One way around this date problem is to extend the JSON parser to automatically convert the ISO string dates into real JavaScript dates. A value can be a string in double quotes, or a number, or true or false or null, or an object or an array. JSON_QUERY returns a valid JSON fragment. Net you can use Json. Json 2016-10-04 by Ronald Rink Leave a Comment If you have been working with C# and JSON you mmight probably resorted to Newtonsoft. Single jsonSingle However, from our testing, only EMD. JSON is a popular format for data serialization that is derived from the syntax of JavaScript. To parse JSON strings use the native JSON. i want to know how can i store json string like this in a variable in c# also i tried to change it manually to single quotes instead of double quotes it working but how to make it work in double quotes how to store this json data in a variable c#. I'd use a here-string (either double or single quoted) That will keep all the quoting intact, and avoid having to do any escaping or mental parsing to figure out which quotes the parser will leave and which ones it will strip off. As you want the backslash as part of the data you need to double it in the file, otherwise you'll fall into the later case:Any other backslashed character that is not mentioned in the above table will be taken to represent itself. However if you're like me and you're trying to get the w3schools. The other thing I did was to swap the single quotes for the double quotes in order to record the new line characters before writing to a file. While that format is not exactly JSON, it is very JSON like (and the conversion to exact JSON is trivial, assuming a parsing library exists for it). Inside a string literal, \ is the escape character. This is the quickest way to test and learn parsing JSON string in Java, but the main problem with this approach is that the JSON String also includes double quotes "" which is also used for enclosing String literals in Java. 926 or 138 in a cell specific. The following characters are reserved in JSON and must be properly escaped to be used in strings:. Both JSON and YAML aim to be human readable data interchange formats. JSON (JavaScript Object Notation) is a thing, which makes easy to work with data from backend or even in frontend. also while single quotes work, the json spec specifies using double quotes:. JSON_VALUE is x2 slower than PATINDEX and CHARINDEX, which is expected since these functions have much simpler parsing logic. Notes - You must know proper JSON syntax to understand the code. See more below. Also since JSON stands for JavaScript Object Notation it would stand to reason that all of the Javascript engines currently in use do this correctly and don't escape things that are not listed as an escape. This sample parses a JSON object using M:Newtonsoft. How to send data to json that has double quotes, backslahes in c#? I am having problems to send the data to json rest api, if it contains double quotes, new lines, backslahes etc. It is based on a subset of the JavaScript Programming Language Standard ECMA-262 3rd Edition - December 1999. Parsing CSVJSON is done by processing one line. The point is "Why JsonObject can recognize that invalid JSON", I know JSON must be with quotes mark after I meet program. JSON object escape sequence (double quotes) problem. Parse 'json' with single quotes in python. Learn how to use App Connect Designer to create an event-driven flow that parses the response from an HTTP endpoint so that some of the data can be inserted into an email to recipients. JSON parsing fails if single quotes are used? If this is your first visit, you may have to register before you can post. Deserialize throw bug. JSON Parser getCurrentToken() 2. I am struggle to parse the JToken. CSVJON uses a modified version of JSON2 which adds formatting options to drop quotes on keys, and sepcify the quote type. The orginal string has double quote characters that, when saved as JSON format, must be escaped (preceded by the character \). Also, does anyone have any best practices on how to manage large JSON objects, millions of rows. A name/value pair consists of a field name (in double quotes), followed by a colon, followed by a value:. Si vous n'avez pas déjà confirmé d'inscription à une lettre d'information Mozilla, vous devrez valider cette inscription. Well, finally, JSON's parse uses the same eval, so there's no difference when you give them smth. You can either remove the surrounding square brackets and be limited to only one input file, or figure out how to parse an array. Within each object, keys need to be unique. Online JSON Formatter and Online JSON Validator also provides tools to convert JSON to XML, JSON to CSV, JSON Editor, JSONLint and JSON Checker. {"categories":[{"categoryid":410,"name":"app-emacs","summary":"The app-emacs category contains extension packages for the Emacs text editor. for a javascript project i am working on i want to be able to parse javascript with python and i found this implementation`port of the original narcissus called pynarcissus:. This sample parses a JSON object using M:Newtonsoft. mously How to fix it ? Just use the object as is var entries = data; Or just. JSON String Escape / Unescape. Parser and Route -> a takes another of type a. If anybody's looking for a usable JSON parser/generator that actually works with all of Unity's different platforms (including iOS and il2cpp), here is. "{'test': 1}" ('test' is using single quotes instead of double quotes). ly team, who can trigger recrawling of your site -- this will fetch all post pages to sync up the parsely-metadata field with our database. JSON is easier to parse, quicker to read and write. How to escape double quotes in JSON - Stack Overflow. JSON stored in a text column or a literal is treated like any text. Another interesting thing this spider demonstrates is that, even if there are many quotes from the same author, we don’t need to worry about visiting the same author page multiple times. HttpUtility. in an unreadable mess of single quotes, double quotes, and escaped double quotes. Toggle the switch Output CSVJSON variant to output that format. A value can be a string in double quotes, or a number, or true or false or null, or an object or an array. 0 2017-05-01 02:39 Regina Obe * [r15381] Boolean (FTLogical) should be 1 byte not 2 bytes closes #3682 for PostGIS 2. parse to parse a JSON string and convert it to a Javascript object. Finally, the performance gem. So the idea is to first make the "json" with ^^^^instead of double-quotes (seems to be iimprobable that a log-message has this pattern). parse() or eval() or replace double quotes from JSON returned string in jQuery. Posts about JSON written by wofong. But until now, importing JSON content into SAS® software and leveraging it in SAS has required significant custom code. 2) Set up options: parse numbers, transpose your data, or output an object instead of an array. Clement at Inimino, a better and more secure way of parsing a JSON string is to make use of JSON. with incorrect syntax. If you want a double-quote inside your string (ie within the outer double-quotes), it must be escaped. JSON Intro JSON Syntax JSON vs XML JSON Data Types JSON Parse JSON Stringify JSON Objects JSON Arrays JSON PHP JSON HTML JSON JSONP JS vs jQuery // Double quotes. RFC 8259 JSON December 2017 8. The Bottom Line. By continuing to use Pastebin, you agree to our use of cookies as described in the Cookies Policy. NET for handling JSON related data. My application. NET to deserialize it, that parser will take care of that escaped characters and will be able to deserialize it correctly. The kind property guides the parser to instantiate the appropriate object. Parse Pascal String Free Pascal Website Downloads Wiki Bugtracker Mailing List Lazarus Website Downloads (Laz+FPC) Packages (OPM) FAQ Wiki Bugtracker. {a: '1'} is not valid JSON for a couple of reasons, from what I can tell: a needs to be a string ("a") and you need to use double quotes for "1". Is there something easy to add/remove to trim the quotes out? I know I should probably be creating a product class that implements a list, and then load the list from the object, but in this case, I don't want to use the extra memory. As pointed out by M. To start viewing messages, select the forum that you want to visit from the selection below. The app loads fine and displays the list of items, however, they are all surrounded by double quotes. // See RFC 4627 section 2. If you prefer to parse the JSON data, see the Developer’s Guide, Working with JSON. com) | LINK you should use a debugged json serializer, but you can fix your code. However, numbers using scientific notation (e. import json import logging import venusian from pyramid. 3 replies Last post Apr 07, 2015 10:44 Then, you could parse JSON string like this:. A JSON array begins and ends with brackets, and contains an ordered collection of values separated by commas. Notes - You must know proper JSON syntax to understand the code. As specified for. JSON is a standard lightweight data-interchange format which is quick and easy to parse and generate. Since presumably the message is the only "free form" token (i. stringify (serialize an object into a JSON string). I tried str. For example {"_modelNumber":false} I am trying to iterate through the list below and grab the value "_modelNumber" and "false" data in the below foreach added to my datatable. I have a REST-service that returns JSON. The orginal string has double quote characters that, when saved as JSON format, must be escaped (preceded by the character \). More specifically, objects and arrays would not be wrapped in double quotes but output as is. That is, it's surrounded with double quotes and escaped. Then, with SED, first escape quotes (would be from subjet/body at this point), then replace those ^^^^ to quotes, giving a valid JSON with escape quotes. Backspace is replaced with \b, Form feed is replaced with \f, Newline is replaced with \n, Carriage return is replaced with \r, Tab is replaced with \t, Double quote is replaced with \", Backslash is replaced with \\. Following are applicable details. To support older browsers, use JSON2 written by Douglas Crockford as polyfill. So, if you intend to use the output directly inside JavaScript, deselect this option. Posts about JSON written by wofong. Not able to successfully parse python regex from reading the contents of a file I tried double and single quotes to no avail and I'm not sure if it's an issue. A JSON document may contains text, curly braces, square brackets, colons, commas, double quotes, and maybe a few other characters. the double quotes will prevent OH from being able to parse the value into a Number. Double jsonDouble Edm. - If you write a string anywhere, use double quotes ( " " ). In fact, you don't even have to quote the strings on the left hand side and javascript will still manage to parse it correctly. As you want the backslash as part of the data you need to double it in the file, otherwise you'll fall into the later case:Any other backslashed character that is not mentioned in the above table will be taken to represent itself. In JSON, unquoted field names are non-standard, and should be avoided. JSON is a lightweight format for storing and transporting data. I understand you can escape double-quotes using the \ character which is what I did, but Snowflake doesn't appear to accept this even through it is valid json. 169 to avoid recursion to be able to parse n_structure_100000_opening_arrays. Note: - If you have multiple parsing rules in a single Grok parser, only one can match any given log. parse() can do other things too, such as allowing callback functions to do their own custom conversions of certain values. To do that I have a text field on the object I create which holds the JSON string. ), single-quoted string literals exist, but escapes are not interpreted inside them. All entryValueType values must be encoded in EBCDIC (codepage 1047) or UTF-8. Copy and paste, directly type, or input a URL in the editor above and let JSONLint tidy and validate your messy JSON code. urlencode (query, doseq=False, safe='', encoding=None, errors=None, quote_via=quote_plus) ¶ Convert a mapping object or a sequence of two-element tuples, which may contain str or bytes objects, to a percent-encoded ASCII text string. parses a JSON string of at most *length bytes into new_string and writes the actual length of the parsed string into *length, or, if new_string == NULL, just determines the length of the string without actually storing the decoded output anywhere. Here the testing flow on Node-RED. parse(text), then the one you're looking for is the triple backslash double quotes \\\". - gist:4266921. JavaScript Object Notation (aka JSON) is a very popular alternative to XML for transmitting data to the web browser. Parsing JSON along with double Quotes. Json 2016-10-04 by Ronald Rink Leave a Comment If you have been working with C# and JSON you mmight probably resorted to Newtonsoft. Unlike JavaScript, JsonCpp expects property names (first, second) to be surrounded in double-quotes. Similarity to other languages: In shell programming (Bash etc. Sending a POST request via curl has issues with double quotes. Replace double quotes with single quote in a JSON string. 原创 python json json. parse method instead. I manually inserted double quotes and I'm able to parse them using the same logstash configuration. JSONLint is a validator and reformatter for JSON, a lightweight data-interchange format. ranjith (Ranjithu kumar). ABSTRACT JSON is quickly becoming the industry standard for data interchanges, especially in supporting REST APIs. Escape double quote and backslash from a Json string. To start viewing messages, select the forum that you want to visit from the selection below. Is there an easy way to get rid of double quotes after parsing JSON? I have a SQL with quite a lot of columns. If i put this in a one cell it should separate automatically in all different cells. There are invalid characters in the text you posted. We are ready to send it over the wire or put into a plain data store. Cannot parse Json data Cannot parse Json data. C and Java use double quotes for strings and single quotes for characters. JSON columns are not indexed directly - they are indexed using computed columns. This makes it possible to access JSON properties. I tried str. Remove double quotes from JSON data If this is your first visit, you may have to register before you can post. Native JSON support in SQL Server 2016 provides you few functions to read and parse your JSON string into a relational format. In JavaScript, you can use either single quotes or double quotes to wrap the string values. jq By the way, I have verified that hjson will convert your text to JSON. Backslash escape any character Sometimes one may not know exactly what characters need to be backslash escaped. a subset of the JavaScript object notation syntax data stored in name/value pairs records separated by commas field names & strings are wrapped by double quotes YAML. Copy and paste, directly type, or input a URL in the editor above and let JSONLint tidy and validate your messy JSON code. Bash script - cygwin (powershell?) pull from GitHub API Parse JSON All, Have a weird issue where i need to generate a report from GitHub monthly detailing user accounts and the last time they logged in. It is good but too slow, and not supports unicode and control characters very well. Remember that you are escaping two string literals: one for declaring the property and one for declaring the variable (lit. In JSON, unquoted field names are non-standard, and should be avoided. The JSON parser modifies the string [2] and. Therefore, the parser correctly parses only "hello". How to parse JSON with date field in Java - Jackson @JsonDeserialize Annotation Example I have read many articles on parsing JSON in Java and most of them give examples where properties are either String or int , there are very few examples, where you will see the JSON string contains a date field and that's one important thing to learn. Hi, I've a JSON object logged into splunk in double quotes. JSON or JavaScript Object Notation is a language-independent open data format that uses human-readable text to express data objects consisting of attribute-value pairs. In json, literal double-quote characters may only be used as the outer quotes that surround a json string. "{'test': 1}" ('test' is using single quotes instead of double quotes). This sample parses a JSON object using M:Newtonsoft. Get the latest and greatest from MDN delivered straight to your inbox. Worked like a champ. The app loads fine and displays the list of items, however, they are all surrounded by double quotes. The formal JSON format does not allow strings in single quotes, but an implementation is allowed to accept them. I tried str. stringify() method converts a JavaScript object or value to a JSON string, optionally replacing values if a replacer function is specified or optionally including only the specified properties if a replacer array is specified. stringify() which used to be available only as a JS library now is a part of JS language. String: a sequence of zero or more Unicode characters. Unfortunately JSON I have isn't good quality one - there are quotations missing. In JSON each property name and each string value must be enclosed in double quotation marks ("). The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: