Flask Jwt Extended Expiration

This is not a case sensitive value. js We could say that its use was extended thanks to the OAuth And if we add expiration to the token the security. Only approved members of the Debian project (Debian Developers) are granted the permission to upload software packages into the Debian distribution. Login Flask route for Authentication. The versatility of the JSON Web Token let's us authenticate an API quickly and easily by passing information through the token. python3-python-flask-jwt-extended Python3-python-flask-jwt-extended Download for Linux (deb, all) Download python3-python-flask-jwt-extended linux packages for Debian. In this post we will see an example on Spring Security authentication and role based authorization using JWT (JSON Web Token) on REST or RESTful services. Vediamo con un piccolo esempio come usarla e come funziona. In case you have missed it, you probably should read it first. Today I will be showing you a simple, yet secure way to protect a Flask based API with password or token based authentication. Accurately weigh 250 mg of acetaminophen on a piece of weighing paper and transfer into a clean 100 mL volumetric flask. JSON Web Token. OAuth Vs JWT | What is the difference? | Tech Primers Tech Primers. Encoding Extended Information into a JWT. Low Form Shallow Open Top Dewars in cylindrical and hemispherical configurations are available in popular sizes to match standard flask sizes. person who prepared the solution, lot number, solvent, and expiration date. It has nothing to do with the OAuth2, which is huge and complicated. Users will be able to message each other in realtime, see when other users are online, and be notified of new messages. For an extended example that includes role based access control check out Node. This will be used to check if token is still valid. Using flask_oauthlib and the Azure AD V2 endpoint, it has been really easy to set up basic authentication for my web apps. The options getters seem to be merging app config and default config as transparently as possible so I added a helper method in utils. IdentityModel. It is considered as bad practice & a major security. What is the usual flow in authenticating a Client Application with a Token based REST API? of flask with flask-jwt-extended extension. This article is the fourth in my series on RESTful APIs. The authorization server can issue access tokens in the form of JSON web token (JWT). It’s very useful. You can vote up the examples you like or vote down the ones you don't like. Verify expiration dates stamped on cements and primers prior to use. com] Udemy - REST APIs with Flask and Python 7 torrent download locations Logging in with Flask-JWT-Extended. API Keys vs OAuth Tokens vs JSON Web Tokens. A Flask JWT extension that supports refresh tokens, blacklisting/revoking tokens, and token freshness (for accessing critical views). Designed and developed various features in intelligent flow interpreter engine of Botjet. When to use JWT. The first being the username the second being the password. flask_jwt_extended. So, logging out happens by a token expiring. Refresh token with JWT authentication in Node. Your course looks interesting and I am searching for ways to improve my flask skills and workflow. Get Chemistry flask icon transparent PNG for your graphic designs!. By verifying the JWT within the application, you can avoid another round trip to an API service. The function get_jwt_credentials will actually retrieve the JWT payload to be used in the function. Phosphorus, Total, Persulfate Digestion (EPA/600/R-93/100, Method 365. Quite a few challenges have been found with using server-side sessions in modern-day applications. Buy Isomorphic - React Redux Admin Dashboard by redqteam on ThemeForest. In JWT following claims must be a number containing a date as a number: exp (Expiration Time) Claim nbf (Not Before) Claim iat (Issued At) Claim Extended WPF. The sample application is in C# and uses Active Directory Authentication Library (ADAL) version 3. We only set one value and validator will reject tokens with incorrect timestamp. On the server, JWTs are generated by signing user information via a secret key, which are then securely stored on the client. This is a proxy. LDAP is used as the user registry for distributed users and groups. Automatic and configurable data validation. ReturnMessage import returnNoneMsg from flask import request from functools import wraps from models. The rest of this section describes the specifics of creating a JWT, signing the JWT, forming the access token request, and handling the response. Because JWTs can be configured to automatically expire after a set amount of time (a minute, an hour, a day, whatever), attackers can only use your JWT to access the service until it expires. - Ran Python scripts as services in Linux. My goal is to knock out multiple birds with one stone through the JWT. JSON Web Tokens (or JWTs) provide a means of transmitting information from the client to the server in a stateless, secure way. js - Role Based Authorization Tutorial with Example API. The following are code examples for showing how to use jwt. It's also really powerful, made possible by its numerous extensions. The concept of authentication and authorization is enabled by default in Django using sessions. 5 - 2 years beyond the date purchase it. Raises an appropiate exception there is no token or if the token is invalid. js We could say that its use was extended thanks to the OAuth And if we add expiration to the token the security. In this article, I walk you through the development of a very basic Java JAX_RS web-services with Jwt (Json web token) authentication. JavaScript User Authentication Login Script (JWT) 3. Once you delete your consumer key, values in the Server list (Fixed IP Style, ID Registration Style) associated with it are also deleted. GitHub Gist: star and fork oleg-agapov's gists by creating an account on GitHub. And for the social logins, we will integrate with Facebook only as it is the most popular social network at this time. It supports OAuth2 with JWT token distributed verification and can be extended to other authentication and authorization approaches. py runserver 9000 All the routes are in app->urls. JSON Web Token is a fairly new standard which can be used for token-based authentication. Well, its the other way round. Whilst there are a couple of distinct tactics and tactics for storing food, just one particular cant go improper storing consumables that have a quite long expiration date. Click here to watch video! cedric ghoussoub jwt Survival Hachs My suggestion is locate a group that supports its members being successful, healthy or simply just happy. On every request, check the JWT's expiration date. These ads help pay for my hosting. IdentityModel. A note about revocation. python manage. サーバー命令?よく分からんがきっとgoogle先生が何とかしてくれる Was unable to import superset Error: cannot import name '_maybe_box_datetimelike' とか言われた。ググったら英語サイトでpandasのバージョン下げろという指示もあったが より良. py ~~~ from waitress import serve from main import app. The ease of writing code as well as how intuitive it is to understand the language nuances make it a good choice for beginners or experts alike. 0 frameworks, you need to read Flask OAuth 2. Get a working sample of how to implement it with NodeJS For the purposes of this post, we will focus on the two most common types of tokens: access tokens and refresh tokens. flask_jwt_extended. For backend, we will use Python and Flask. expired_token_loader def expired_token_callback(): return jsonify. Clone the project structure in a new terminal window:. It is considered as bad practice & a major security. Verify that the hashed response body is equal to the returned data value in the JWT payload. Learn more about them, how they work, when and why you should use JWTs. the app might be able to edit articles but not delete them, so even users with extended permissions can safely use OAuth-enabled tools). Hello, I am trying to run my school project here, but i ran into issue, which i cannot solve. Method Sensitivity 2. There are a few ways you could simulate this though. NET Core Web API and Angular. python manage. If you are using a script to generate the embed URL, retrieve the example code as described in the setup instructions and update your script to match the functionality. To start the server run the below command. Clone the project structure in a new terminal window:. JWTManager has supported by Flask-JWT-Extended. I have been working on a few projects recently that used Flask, a Python web framework, and Azure Active Directory to do things related to the Microsoft Graph. The authentication process occurs during the payment process, typically through an embedded iframe. I think we have an issue in case a token is exipred but can be renewed. It has nothing to do with the OAuth2, which is huge and complicated. Flask-JWT-Extended is used for Token refreshing, token-revoking(user blacklisting) operations. In this course, we'll cover Flask, Flask-RESTful, Flask-JWT, Flask-SQLAlchemy, and Flask-JWT-Extended. And here the backend. 005 to 1 mg P/L. See the complete profile on LinkedIn and discover Vaibhav’s. User import User import types from sqlalchemy import or_ #必选登录用户 def user. This is the third article in a series of posts on support for Javascript Object Signing and Encryption (JOSE) in Apache CXF. Only approved members of the Debian project (Debian Developers) are granted the permission to upload software packages into the Debian distribution. There is still a lot to cover about JWTs, such with how to handle the security details, and refreshing tokens when they expire, but the JSON Web Token tutorial should demonstrate the basic usage and, more importantly, the advantages of using JWTs. JWT Authentication Welcome to the sixth installment to this multi-part tutorial series on full-stack web development using Vue. The latter can be used to obtain a new temporaty token when the expiration occurs. JWT(app=None, authentication_handler=None, identity_handler=None) auth_request_handler(callback) Specifies the authentication response handler function. When to use JWT. Today I will be showing you a simple, yet secure way to protect a Flask based API with password or token based authentication. Calculating sentiments of Users by analyzing the chat history January 2014 - January 2014. The expiration date for the solution may be extended past one year as long as nicotinamide is qualitatively detected. 2 - Updated May 16, 2019 - 149 stars pyjwt. JWT approach allows us to make AJAX calls to any server or domain. OAuth 2 and OpenID Connect are fundamental to securing your APIs. See the complete profile on LinkedIn and discover Vaibhav's. 0 specification. 1 9_customizing_callbacks_and_responses. Automatic, Add, Edit and Show from Database Models; Labels and descriptions for each field. In order to do this comparison, follow these steps: Retrieve the hashed response body from the JWT which exists in the JWT payload: The value of the “data” JSON member. Application (analytes and matrices) 1. To access all our OpenAPI specifications request it on /api/v1/_openapi, this is a dynamic endpoint that will serve all specs from different API versions. They are sent only once when calling the service described in the previous section. TL;DR Many modern web applications use JSON Web Tokens (JWT), rather than the traditional session-based authentication. UPDATE: I wrote a new version of this post for ASP. Translate “Advanced Access Manager” into your language. The cache directive adds http caching. Accurately weigh 250 mg of salicylic acid on piece of weighing paper and transfer into the same 100 mL volumetric flask. Flask OpenID Connect 1. I slapped together an own solution with pyjwt, but then switched over. current_identity A proxy for the current identity. Find Thermo Scientific cell culture flasks designed for consistency, cell health and reproducibility, with the surface and ancillary options you're looking for in a tissue culture flask. JWT Authorization in Python, Part 1: Practise. Choose a cell culture flask from a variety of sizes, with culture areas ranging from 25cm 2 to 500cm 2 and a. Refresh token with JWT authentication in Node. 0 Server at first. Python と Flask で RESTful API を開発する Flask-JWT-Extended’s Documentation MySQL Python tutorial. OAuth2 with Password (and hashing), Bearer with JWT tokens. Using flask_oauthlib and the Azure AD V2 endpoint, it has been really easy to set up basic authentication for my web apps. As the end of life for Docker registry V1 quickly approaching, the Quadra team has been working hard on the migration to Docker registry v2. Thank you to the translators for their contributions. In this section we will show you how to implement JSON Web Token (JWT) using Node Express framework. Flask â Sessions - Unlike a Cookie, Session data is stored on server. Still a large number of packages is maintained by non-official developers. dll) Syntax 'Declaration Public ReadOnly Property Expiration As Nullable(Of Integer) public Nullable Expiration { get; }. UPDATE: I wrote a new version of this post for ASP. There’s no direct relationship between JWT and OAuth 2. You will find comprehensive guides and documentation to help you start working with Mobius as quickly as possible, as well as support if you get stuck. zip 16 KB 12. Flask effects are temporary effects that are granted while drinking a flask. User import User import types from sqlalchemy import or_ #必选登录用户 def user. Start saving now!. Find Thermo Scientific cell culture flasks designed for consistency, cell health and reproducibility, with the surface and ancillary options you're looking for in a tissue culture flask. js - Role Based Authorization Tutorial with Example API. It will only be set in the context of function decorated by jwt_required(). It has nothing to do with the OAuth2, which is huge and complicated. The application uses AuthenticationContext class methods to acquire token and extended TokenCache class to have persistent storage of the token. Automatic, Add, Edit and Show from Database Models; Labels and descriptions for each field. All major administrative functions require "confirmation" and "relogin" sometimes. Well, its the other way round. I have a bit of experience of flask with flask-jwt-extended extension. Python and JSON Web Tokens. exp REQUIRED. On this page: Welcome to Smile CDR Table of Contents 1. Full documentation. The claims in a JWT are encoded as a JSON object that is digitally signed and optionally encrypted. The nicotinamide is a qualitative control, to provide retention time and UV spectra to. Python and the framework Flask are quite expressive so I hope porting the code to other languages/frameworks will not be very hard. The processing of the "exp" claim requires that the current date/time MUST be before the expiration date/time listed in the "exp" claim. Phosphorus, Total, Persulfate Digestion (EPA/600/R-93/100, Method 365. If you are using a script to generate the embed URL, retrieve the example code as described in the setup instructions and update your script to match the functionality. It is intended for those, who knows nothing about JWT and looks for usage examples. This article is the fourth in my series on RESTful APIs. By providing your own implementation, you can perform additional checks to verify that the user account still exists, has not been disabled, etc. 즉, 요청 개체는 권한 부여 헤더에 refresh_token을 포함해야 합니다. For the server-side, we’ll use the finished project from a previous blog post, Token-Based Authentication With Flask. Welcome to Expert Tourist API documentation. 1; Installation. This is also clear. prepared, expiration date, initials of person who prepared the solution, lot number, solvent, storage condition. The second cookie, made_write_conn, does not have an expiration date, making it a session cookie. It allows Clients to verify the identity of the End-User based on the authentication performed by an Authorization Server, as well as to obtain basic profile information about the End-User in an interoperable and REST-like manner. Name Version Votes Popularity? Description Maintainer; python-flake8-docstrings: 1. JSON Web Tokens (JWT) vs Sessions What is JWT? In essence it's a signed piece of data in JSON format. Defaults to True. • However, you can also have 3rd parties like Google and Twitter, provide the tokens and do the validation. ) I hereby release employers, schools, health care providers and other persons from all liability in responding to inquiries and releasing information in connection with my application. 什么是jwt gwt是一种用于双方之间传递安全信息的简洁的、url安全的表述性声明规范。 安装jwt模块 使用demo. User Authentication with Angular and ASP. flask-jwt-extended flask-ldap3-login flask-login flask-mail flask-markdown flask-marshmallow flask-migrate flask-moment. Should be up to date with the latest spec: tools. JWT(app=None, authentication_handler=None, identity_handler=None) auth_request_handler(callback) Specifies the authentication response handler function. I have built an api with flask-restful and flask-jwt-extended and have correctly configured the validation passages for token expiration and invalidation. py ~~~ from waitress import serve from main import app. 07/03/2019; 12 minutes to read +2; In this article. These JWT are send in the HTTP header as bearer tokens to the resource server so that it can verify the authentication and authorization of the client request. 2 Boiling chips also help ensure that the solution is heated evenly. Technically you cannot actually extend a token, you can only replace it with a new JWT that has a new expires time. You can get up to 5 consumer keys. See the complete profile on LinkedIn and discover Vaibhav’s. 1; Installation. Steps by Steps to Secure your API Step 1: Import the necessary Libraries. This article was featured on Hacker News. In this video, I show you how to use JSON Web Tokens (JWT) to authenticate users of your API. It is intended for those, who knows nothing about JWT and looks for usage examples. Distributed Authentication With JSON Web Tokens Tweet. We just set its value to an insanely high amount (86,400 minutes, which corresponds to 2 months) and went ahead with the coding. For backend, we will use Python and Flask. JWT has more advanced features for encryption, so if you need the information in the claims to be encrypted, this is possible using JSON Web Encryption. Extended JWT integration with Flask JWT oauth flow for Sanic Latest release 1. WWW-Authenticate: Bearer error="invalid_token", error_description="The signature is invalid" What's the cause of this error? Is the token expired (but I set it to expire after 1 day) Can someone help what's causing the issue? Is it the IIS doing something? Thanks!. For web-services, we’re going to use Jersey which is an open source framework for RESTful Web Services in Java. the app might be able to edit articles but not delete them, so even users with extended permissions can safely use OAuth-enabled tools). Flask-Login - rozszerzenie do zarządzania sesjami użytkowników we Flasku; Flask-JWT-Extended - wprowadza autoryzację poprzez JSON Web Tokeny, zabezpieczenia przed CSRF, odświeżanie tokenów i inne; Flask-JWT-Simple - wersja Flask-JWT-Extended okrojona do podstawowej obsługi JWT; Aplikacja Flask-CORS obsługa Cross Origin Resource Sharing;. org/html/rfc7519#section-4. 00: A plugin to flake8 to include checks provided by pydocstyle. cache plugin when you download Caddy. Gets the 'value' of the expiration claim from JSON in the form of { aud, 'exp' }. Used progressive web application pattern, highly optimized for you. Python と Flask で RESTful API を開発する Flask-JWT-Extended’s Documentation MySQL Python tutorial. Python and JSON Web Tokens. ReturnMessage import returnNoneMsg from flask import request from functools import wraps from models. Permies Singles When you are planning to retailer food for a survival situation the greatest choices in order to get meals supplies that shop an extended time. 5 - 2 years beyond the date purchase it. The Flask-JWT-Extended extension includes a built-in @jwt_required decorator that you could use as well, but this decorator only verifies that the token is valid. Because JWTs can be configured to automatically expire after a set amount of time (a minute, an hour, a day, whatever), attackers can only use your JWT to access the service until it expires. Through JWT, we would be sending some kind of hashed string in all APIs request's header from Angular client and in Expressjs server side, it would be verified and sent back the response in case of a successful match. Since OpenID Connect is built on OAuth 2. When current Rewards Club membership is renewed, membership will be extended an additional 12 full months from the current membership expiration date, and any unused Rewards Points will remain in the account for an additional 12 months or until totaling a balance of 50 or more and applied toward a Rewards Check(s). Flask-JWT adds JWT functionality to Flask in an easy to use manner. Javascript is a hard language to get right, and I am tired of all the tutorials that build Node APIs in a way that is not maintainable. Your course looks interesting and I am searching for ways to improve my flask skills and workflow. e12e 73 days ago I'd think "extension" in this case means "hand in a jwt with expiration/renewal fields still valid, get a new jwt with extended expiration". By verifying the JWT within the application, you can avoid another round trip to an API service. Creating a JWT. Guys will love the sleek and sophisticated look of these personalized gifts they will use time and time again. Flask-RESTful¶ Flask-RESTful is an extension for Flask that adds support for quickly building REST APIs. When we implemented JWT token authentication in Chapter 8, Third-Party Authentication and External Providers, we didn't bother much about the token expiration time. Raises an appropiate exception there is no token or if the token is invalid. Updated 7/28/19. 我从提供的链接中检索了公钥的JWK,但我不确定如何使用它. Flask has been my preferred web framework as of late. Server Side. The nicotinamide is a qualitative control, to provide retention time and UV spectra to. Their is no need for having a separate session store on the server. There are two major use cases where JWTs are useful: authentication and information exchange. It's also really powerful, made possible by its numerous extensions. We covered writing tests and learnt a lot about Flask. User Authentication. The Session instance is not used for direct access, you should always use flask. BUT, there is one thing that makes a stolen JWT slightly less bad than a stolen username and password: timing. The list above simply represents the claims that are reserved both in the key that is used and the expected type. Accurately weigh 250 mg of acetaminophen on a piece of weighing paper and transfer into a clean 100 mL volumetric flask. have an expiration time. Invite users for collaborative tasks. This will turn on CSRF protection on ALL endpoints, including Flask-Security. Gets the 'value' of the expiration claim from JSON in the form of { aud, 'exp' }. The API Gateway no longer needs to call an Introspection End Point to validate the JWT, and the JWT can be forwarded as an authentication token to z/OS Connect EE. …ersistent cookies. Author of flask-jwt-extended here. Professional Criminals of America — REVISED. This document walks through how to: Change the authentication endpoint (by default, /auth); Change the token expiration time (by default, 5 minutes);. A fix is being rolled out into production as we speak. 1; Installation. Defaults to JWT as to not conflict with OAuth2 Bearer tokens. Per prima cosa, creiamo un ambiente virtuale python e installiamo flask e flask-jwt-extended:. Table of Reference Temperatures All calibration solutions are provided with a label pre-senting a reference table of the relationship between pH or conductivity val ues and the temperature. Always be aware that OAuth and OpenID Connect. The oil is advertised as being 'Fully synthetic', I don't really know what that means but it was produced sometime in 2012. It's setting the expires option in the JWT itself here (https://github. There are two major use cases where JWTs are useful: authentication and information exchange. Buy and download royalty-free image ID 1414516: Brandy glass with ice and hip flask, isolated by anatols from Crestock Stock Photos. IdentityModel. The nicotinamide is a qualitative control, to provide retention time and UV spectra to. Clone the project structure in a new terminal window:. u/nickjj_ I have a question for you. python3-python-flask-jwt-extended Python3-python-flask-jwt-extended Download for Linux (deb, all) Download python3-python-flask-jwt-extended linux packages for Debian. When to use JWT. This is a proxy. Login Flask route for Authentication. Redefining the standard behavior of Flask-JWT-Extended extension using configuration constants (custom tokens expiration date, a custom format of authorization header) If you like this tutorial and would like to donate me a few bucks💰 you can do it on my paypal account. UPDATE: I wrote a new version of this post for ASP. • This saves you having to manage senesitive user data. The app uses the Active Directory Authentication Library (ADAL) to acquire a JWT access token for the Microsoft Graph. Free Bonus: Click here to get access to a free Flask + Python video tutorial that shows you how to build Flask web app, step-by-step. To implement the JWT in Angular, we will be using angular2-jwt package. To accomplish a secure password reset, I will demonstrate how to use JSON Web Tokens (JWT) to generate a URL-safe token. The only relationship such an object has to the ORM is that its class has a mapper() associated with. Login Flask route for Authentication. create_token (user, aid=None, ttl=None) Create a valid JWT for a given user/api key, this token is then used to authenticate sessions until the token expires. Choose a cell culture flask from a variety of sizes, with culture areas ranging from 25cm 2 to 500cm 2 and a. User Authentication with Angular and ASP. So if an application tries to validate a JWT from another server, but using its own time, it may find that JWT to always be invalid, even if it’s currently valid. Best way to use Knox Token authentication is to use the Django package django-rest-knox. Jwt (in System. Your client application will request an. ReturnMessage import returnNoneMsg from flask import request from functools import wraps from models. The concept of authentication and authorization is enabled by default in Django using sessions. Redefining the standard behavior of Flask-JWT-Extended extension using configuration constants (custom tokens expiration date, a custom format of authorization header) If you like this tutorial and would like to donate me a few bucks💰 you can do it on my paypal account. To help explain I have included some background information about drug formulation. In this article, I walk you through the development of a very basic Java JAX_RS web-services with Jwt (Json web token) authentication. The expiration date will a person with about every 12 months to eat it. Azure Sample: How to manually process a JWT access token in a web API using the JSON Web Token Handler For the Microsoft. JWT: The Complete Guide to JSON Web Tokens Last Updated: 26 April 2019 local_offer Angular Security This post is the first part of a two-parts step-by-step guide for implementing JWT-based Authentication in an Angular application (also applicable to enterprise applications). Session is the time interval when a client logs into a server and logs out of it. Once you delete your consumer key, values in the Server list (Fixed IP Style, ID Registration Style) associated with it are also deleted. The second function’s job is to identify user from a token. A package for JWT authentication is djangorestframework-simplejwt which provides some features as well as a pluggable token blacklist app. Python jwt 模块, ExpiredSignatureError() 实例源码. Accurately weigh 250 mg of acetaminophen on a piece of weighing paper and transfer into a clean 100 mL volumetric flask. If you are not familiar with what is JWT token, its best to google about it as there would be many resources online. User import User import types from sqlalchemy import or_ #必选登录用户 def user. where you will find the below folder structure. Short-lived JWT + Validation on expiration. For the server-side, we'll use the finished project from a previous blog post, Token-Based Authentication With Flask. Making yogurt at home requires an extended period of warming at a temperature between 100 and 110 degrees F. Flask is a very minimal framework that gets you up to speed in record time. This does not check the freshness of the access token. Welcome to mentors. The user gets authenticated and their info gets encrypted and returned as an access token (JWT). Start rotating a standard of food that you now have so you simply dont need to worry very much about lasting storage and expiration dates. I have a bit of experience of flask with flask-jwt-extended extension. Flask OpenID Connect 1. This is a super simple documentation that will show you how expert tourist works. Choose a cell culture flask from a variety of sizes, with culture areas ranging from 25cm 2 to 500cm 2 and a. JWT-encoded JSON. Expiring JWT tokens in Flask I've been using flask-jwt-extended for my application and one of the problems I had was logging a session out and making sure the token is not usable anymore. First, instead of having the client request a new token, you could have the server itself just implicitly send back a new token on every request. 00: A plugin to flake8 to include checks provided by pydocstyle. com/vimalloc/flask-jwt-extended/blob/master/flask_jwt_extended/utils. create_token (user, aid=None, ttl=None) Create a valid JWT for a given user/api key, this token is then used to authenticate sessions until the token expires. - Package updated. 0 - draft 20 Abstract. Session is the time interval when a client logs into a server and logs out of it. This is not a case sensitive value. The point was to show what refreshing token is all about, and how easily you can implement it, given that you use JWT which is a good fit for most apps. Since the HTTP header is used to transmit the user information. I have built an api with flask-restful and flask-jwt-extended and have correctly configured the validation passages for token expiration and invalidation. In this example I’m not using expiration date. API Keys vs OAuth Tokens vs JSON Web Tokens. Brands across categories have rolled out festive ad campaigns to celebrate Diwali, the festival of lights highlighting the importance of family, love, hope and light as their core theme. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: