Error Using Style Sheet To Create Ascii File

The style sheets are provided to assist in creating transform actions. MP3 file format comes under the multimedia file formats. Animating SVGs With CSS. You cannot create a CSS style sheet and link to it from all reports. Adding a Custom Style Sheet. An ASCII file is a text file that allows a document to be recognized and read easily by any platform or operating system. As a result, this guide describes a rather specific procedure—one for collecting and editing content in the OpenDocument format and turning that content into an ePub eBook. Instead, you create them once and use the shortcuts when you need them. It will also provide a brief tutorial/primer on schema and style sheets. By default, write. Cannot view XML input using style sheet. ascii¶ In the previous section you learned about reading and writing tabular data files using direct Python I/O and simple parsing and type-conversion rules. other style sheets for say, base styles layout, typography and so forth. Settings applied here are overridden if you redirect top-level categories on the Project Property dialog box in the project in which the sheet set is located. The style sheet may be written in any of several style sheet languages. Cannot view XML input using style sheet. SimpleMind has a set of good looking built-in style sheets to quickly change the look of your mind map. The next sections will focus on the basic concepts of HTML and Cascading Style Sheets and how we can use Python to generate both. In the above case, “red” is the name of the style sheet you want to use. ReferenceStyle = xlA1 Then 'Set the return value of the function to the A1 style formula FormulaText = cell_ref. csv) file, but if you had to ensure that each of the fields have. Use OpenOffice. HTML Ampersand Character Codes These are character sequences that may appear in HTML documents; they represent sometimes useful symbols that are not part of the standard ASCII set or that would be difficult or impossible to type otherwise (e. Repeat Steps 2 and 3 with the new empty file. This option creates cross sections from information found in the specified ASCII file or LandXML file. If you want to replace the file, use the > (caret). To create the Excel files (. Create a New Data Extraction Creates a new data extraction and saves it to a DXE file. 27: Use a CSS Reset. For this tutorial you will create a very basic HTML5 project that only has an index. Select the Insert tab in the toolbar at the top of the screen. You need to create a new style sheet if you want to export to a program other than Word or Excel. When the style. To Create a Style: Select the text that contains the formatting of the new style, right-click the text, and select Styles from the contextual menu. Following example shows how to create Table from a range of cells in an Excel file with C# and VB. That's what the rules below are all about. This means that you can edit, create, and view them in any text editor. If this variable is set, the sheets are saved to separate DWG files with the file name created by appending the model name to the original file name. Then, you can create a zipped file and unzip the file in the course's file repository and choose the start page. These scripts can be uploaded and maintained using Vim online. Below is a summary of some of the most commonly used reports. @echo off echo There will be a blank line below. Red Hat Enterprise Linux 3 CentOS Linux 3 Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4 CentOS Linux 4 Oracle Linux 4 MySQL 4. Defining a Style template in Web Intelligence by using Cascading Style Sheets With Web Intelligence (since 4. Find; In the Sheet Set Manager, under Sheets, select a sheet set, subset, or sheet. Typically, Web site designers must maintain a consistent look-and-feel on every page for a particular Web site. You shouldn't use the C++11 char16_t and char32_t character types, since they're for non-UTF-8 text. Linked servers allow SQL Server access to data from a remote data source. txt) file is sometimes is not. * Since setting up protection seemed to be unnecessarily hard, it is now possible to give the protection setup in the main configuration file instead of having to use a different file; it is still ok to use a different file. The style sheet may be written in any of several style sheet languages. xls) is also explained throughout the article and in comments within the XSLT. 23 and earlier, and 4. Use this style sheet when exporting an ArcFM QAQC Report in ArcMap. However, here we will use inline and internal styling, because this is easier to demonstrate, and easier for you to try it yourself. One of the options will be to create an ASCII file of the report. Free Bonus: Click here to download an example Python project with source code that shows you how to read large. For a DINT tag this is the 32 individual bits that make up the tag which will not be of interest if you are using the tag as a number rather then individual bits. External Style Sheet. With Google Sheets, you can create, edit, and collaborate wherever you are. On the Create File page, type a name and browse for a file. The Tally files aren't either, HOWEVER we do create an XML file for you. xsl above) takes precedence. ) in another image based on ASCII character. Use NotePad or other plain-text editor (not word processor) on your PC to create an index. All authoring tools, whether WYSIWYG or not, should make a best effort attempt at enabling users to create well-structured, semantically rich, media-independent content. You can create custom styles and use them by calling style. What exactly was the parameter error? The DLL uses a C-style string which is basically a pointer to a null terminated array of ascii char (or char *). Use the zip utility to repackage the files and directories in the directory created in Step 6. However, the process has historically been to create a tags in HTML. HTML supports frames to divide a web page into independent and scrollable sections. Although configuring the viewport is an important way to optimize your web content for iOS, style sheets provide further techniques for optimizing. For webpages, HTML tags and Cascading Style Sheets are used to determine the font and style. xml files, using the schema and style sheet from the CDISP Pilot 1 project. Explore and edit the XML using the Element Viewer. com Custom XML style sheets (XSL) may be used to generate reports directly on a data collector or a user can use the style sheets in the ASCII file generator utility or the Job report generator in Trimble Business Center on a laptop or desktop PC. This article explain how to use CSS to hide (or show) screen elements, like a Navigation Menu or a Search button when a page is printed. Multimedia file formats are similar to image file formats, but they happen to be one the most complex file formats. If the source object is a table or query, decide whether you want to export the data with or without the object's formatting. If you’re asked for permission, click Allow. In multimedia file formats, you can store variety of data such as text image, graphical, video and audio data. I actually used this code inside the divi4u child theme and it appears to be working OK so far!. If the value of precision is a scalar, then it indicates the number of significant digits. Specify a location and filename, and then click Save. Create the data source file—in the first row, name the fields (use @ in front of the field name for images). That's what the rules below are all about. In addition, you can install an extension for greater functionality. js: Style is null or not an object Error: jQuery. Request for Comments: 7992 Mozilla Category: Informational P. If you want to replace the file, use the > (caret). I've created the stylesheet (the same way I would create if this were an html site) and I've put it in the directory you see below. Customizing Style Sheets. css Layout and content have been attached with no problem. csv() includes row names, but these are usually unnecessary and may cause confusion. EML is a file extension for an e-mail message saved to a file in the MIME RFC 822 standard format by Microsoft Outlook Express as well as some other email programs. In order for WordPress to recognize the set of theme template files as a valid theme, the style. That's what the rules below are all about. It has always been possible to create stylesheets using JavaScript. Linking To plot data as it is coming in, set up a data sheet with the columns you need. You want to write data to a file. Otherwise, the program will not be able to find the. Choose the file type you want. You can even position any text element without resorting to a table, and create interesting text effects. With this package it's very easy to create an Excel 2007 file with only a few lines of PL/SQL code. com - 繧キ繝溘え繧ケ縺ッ螳壽悄萓ソ縺後♀蠕・/title> img. eol configuration variable for all text. example-CSSDemoApplication. xml file in the directory created in Step 5 with the contents. Use the format file described above This is the same for the Leica 1200's & Viva's. Examples If this is your first time working with Cascading Style Sheets (CSS), don't worry. IMPORT & EXPORT ASCII TEXT FILES. Use the datenum function to convert your date and time strings to date numbers and other formats. 1 Introduction to Skins, Style Selectors, and Style Properties. Now, when I use a user style sheet, I am not setting up a situation where all the webpages I visit look the same. For example, the images below show a sample of the same XML report using two different style sheets provided with TestStand. If you want to save all your sheets, you will need to write a script or break into separate workbooks. Data from additional sheets can be accessed using the data sheet pop-up menu. In the standard library, non-default encodings should be used only for test purposes or when a comment or docstring needs to mention an author name that contains non-ASCII characters; otherwise, using \x , \u , \U , or \N escapes is the preferred way. The plain text resume (or ASCII resume) is an online document constructed without formatting in plain text file format. Auto-format your XML files. You cannot create a CSS style sheet and link to it from all reports. php as the template for all pages generated and displayed by the site. Answer Wiki. In the upper-right corner of the Sheet Set Manager, click the Publish button. You can attach external style sheets in two ways — linking and importing. css file on your own computer. requestAnimationFrame returns an unique ID you can use to cancel the next operation, using cancelAnimationFrame(ID). 1 Introduction to Skins, Style Selectors, and Style Properties. Global changes are easier: If you're using external styles, you make a change in one place and it's automatically propagated to all the pages in the system. The following CSS code lines should be inserted into the CSS code, above, for the example that you are using. Replace the contents. The Carriage Return (CR) is represented by ASCII number 13, and came from the movement of a typwriter to the left of a sheet of paper. Export Excel as Fixed Width Text File Format using VBA Although the reverse is easy, export of an excel worksheet as a fixed width text file (. I would like to review publishing using the SSM in Autodesk AutoCAD using a. Think of your custom template's HTML as the bones of your website and the CSS as the skin of your site. Comma Delimited with Attributes. A more common use is to have different template files generate different results, to allow maximum customization. All formatting is performed by SAS, so it becomes very easy to define a style and apply it to all the. Select File > New Project (Ctrl-Shift-N; ⌘-Shift-N on Mac) in the main menu to open the New Project wizard. This validator checks the markup validity of Web documents in HTML, XHTML, SMIL, MathML, etc. A web style sheet is a form of separation of presentation and content for web design in which the markup (i. Students can view the lesson contents in order with all the links intact. Using the string concatenation function, strcat. First, load the provided table into the workspace. wp-smiley. Any product, tool, or plug-in based on the Eclipse Workbench Version 3. GEOPAK V8i Edition, the civil engineering design software in use at Eastern Federal Lands Highway Division (EFLHD), is a comprehensive software package that covers every project phase from conceptualization to final quantities and construction stake-out. Cannot view XML input using style sheet. My goal with this tutorial is not just to teach you how to create a paragraph style in InDesign, but to help you understand the logic behind the software and share with you the tricks that the PROs use when working on their documents. In these situations, there must be rules as to which style sheet's rule will win out. When you receive an ASCII file from your client, the file is likely to be in an undesirable presentation for CaseWare to successfully import. css Example. Store trusted server. Basically trying to create an inline nav menu for the top of the page. Contribute to vitalets/react-native-extended-stylesheet development by creating an account on GitHub. For now, you need to browse the theme folder that you've received and search for the file that contains the "style. By using a style sheet, you can change the appearance of the report without any modification to the XML data file. OutSystems uses OutSystems Mobile UI Framework and OutSystems Web UI Framework that come with their own CSS. example-CSSDemoApplication. The best software to use for tidying up ASCII files is Microsoft Excel. You should use textscan() or dlmread(), specifying to them that you want to skip two header lines or that you want to treat '%' as indicating a comment. This command will also prompt you for the note at the end of the leader line, but it will allow only one line of text. Sometimes you may want to change the look of a page based on dynamic content. Red Hat Enterprise Linux 3 CentOS Linux 3 Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4 CentOS Linux 4 Oracle Linux 4 MySQL 4. - Use template (file and configuration option). Using files from the "template" folder is one of the key features of API. NET Web project. Use Google Drive. other style sheets for say, base styles layout, typography and so forth. # use ERE on Linux (GNU sed) sed -r 'search expression' file # use ERE on BSD sed -E 'search expression' file in-situ editing: By default sed outputs to 'Standard Out' (normally the console/shell). However, the process has historically been to create a element using document. A remote data source can be another SQL Server instance or other data sources such MySQL, Access databases, Oracle, Excel workbooks, text files etc. Example Imports System. We can create a few objects to store our styles in, like colors, font sizes, dimensions, etc. css’, then, add to this file only the ID’s and Classes that you want to style. This lesson picks up where that lesson l. In the standard library, non-default encodings should be used only for test purposes or when a comment or docstring needs to mention an author name that contains non-ASCII characters; otherwise, using \x , \u , \U , or \N escapes is the preferred way. - In the Alternate CSS URL section, click to 'Specify a CSS file to be used by this publishing sites and all sites that inherit from it'. css Example. How to: Create a File in Visual Basic. The Carriage Return (CR) is represented by ASCII number 13, and came from the movement of a typwriter to the left of a sheet of paper. In these situations, there must be rules as to which style sheet's rule will win out. For use-by-reference, it is up to the processing application to make sense of the reference, for example, presenting a referenced image according to the active style settings or presenting a referenced document as though it had occurred in line, or providing an icon you can select to see the referenced thing. client method, which was discussed in an old article a number of years ago or you could use the xlwt package. External Style Sheet define in separate. You can also print the file to disk. Below is a summary of some of the most commonly used reports. Having two frames on a web page is like loading three separate pages in the browser. Advanced SQL tutorial pdf, Advanced SSRS tutorial pdf, Are table variables only stored in memory - SQL Server Q&A, Can we apply style sheet in SSRS and how?, Can we debug SSIS package. Use the XSLTransform node to transform an XML message to another form of message, according to the rules provided by an XSL (Extensible Stylesheet Language) style sheet, and to set the Message domain, Message model, Message, and PHysical format for the generated message. This is what Charles Salvia 's and Sz 's answers here are about. Vim online is a central place for the Vim community to store useful Vim tips and tools. Using temp dir. # use ERE on Linux (GNU sed) sed -r 'search expression' file # use ERE on BSD sed -E 'search expression' file in-situ editing: By default sed outputs to 'Standard Out' (normally the console/shell). External Style Sheet. Let's see all the three cases one by one with the help of suitable examples. Or you can use your own file. If you’re asked for permission, click Allow. As an Exchange administrator, for example, it's a rather common occurrence to receive a request from management requesting something like a list of inactive mailboxes for license reconciliation. Best Practices for Speeding Up Your Web Site. Best Answer: Saving the file as CSV is not going to make it fixed col width I'd say write a simple macro that creates a plain text file using the data in the excel. The origins of style sheets are the browser's default style sheets, the style sheets provided by the page author and user style sheets - these are style sheets provides by the browser user (browsers let you define your favorite style. EXE /D /U /C TYPE ascii_file >> unicode_file Without CHCP 1252 , the SET /P command would ignore the first character of the header (0xFF), that is where earlier attempts to use SET /P failed. It only saves the first sheet. HTML5 applications typically combine HTML, CSS and JavaScript to create applications that are run in a browser and that are displayed on a variety of devices, including smartphones, tablets and laptops. In the "File" menu, click Save or Save all. Choose the File Format for the report that you want to create. NET Web project. There are two mutually exclusive options to create modified files. txt (or whatever other filename you choose to use) is an ASCII text file containing a list of all the files to be tagged, one filename per line, and nothing else. Now click on the Theme link in the left menu. How to: Create a File in Visual Basic. If you don't plan on custom-styling for elements created by the plugin, that's no problembut you can get caught in a CSS specificity battle if you do intend custom styling. A common use for frames is to place the navigation on the left, and content on the right. Provides functionality to use an abstraction called streams specially designed to perform input and output operations on sequences of character, like files or strings. One usage for "content" is using it alongside with counters to number the images, like "Figure 1", "Table 3-2". If you are using an external style sheet, which is the recommended way to dictate the look and feel of an HTML document, one approach is to use @import. The index should be of use in finding information on specific subjects, and users are recommended to use the index extensively. PLEASE BACKUP YOUR FILES BEFORE EDITTING THEM. For example, as an extreme case, you can use only one template file, called index. No-one has explained why, and there is little justification for The W3C namespace recommendation does say that if you use a DTD you have to declare the namespace. And the following method will help you work easier with only some clicks. Solution Writing to a delimited text file. Normal text has a boldness of 400, so you can imagine what going up or down means. The plain text resume (or ASCII resume) is an online document constructed without formatting in plain text file format. XLSX) we need to Add the Open XML and Closed XML reference from nugget packages as below. ] -- Provides instructions on creating a basic Web page and includes information on enhancing the site by using CSS, JavaScript, and XHTML. If you need to use your style sheet to various pages, then its always recommended to define a common style sheet in a separate file. Name this folder after your template i. Using the string concatenation function, strcat. rendering or layout of the display for a define. Print stylesheets can be a pain if you don’t know what you’re doing. If style sheets or inline styles use an Adobe-unapproved unit, it does not appear in the style sheet or the Properties panel. It’s possible to create your own PHP functions but there also many built into the programming language. As IT administrators we're frequently asked to provide a report related to one thing or another. Create a New Data Extraction Creates a new data extraction and saves it to a DXE file. and used to make global change also manage all web page from a single CSS document. Screenshot of Excel Table created with GemBox. If you’re asked for permission, click Allow. The CSS language is easy to learn and widely used. ) Details Using @charset. Inline Style Sheet − Define style sheet rules directly along-with the HTML elements using style attribute. A prerequisite for using the Business features of GnuCash is that you have some business related accounts setup (Accounts Receivable/Accounts Payable). html file, which you can view locally with your Web browser. Create another column that can be sorted, a series of numbers from 1 up created with the fill handles -- incrementing previous cell will do no good. exe or xsltproc) read the intermediate file created by Eeschema, and the converter file to create the output file. Paste the files that you downloaded into the Microsoft Dynamics NAV Server installation directory. It defines a color scheme and sub-styles for topics and relations. Join today to get access to thousands of courses. If you don't plan on custom-styling for elements created by the plugin, that's no problembut you can get caught in a CSS specificity battle if you do intend custom styling. Using sample style sheets to create transform actions A sample set of style sheets is provided in SampleStyelSheets. All visual user interface elements created for Eclipse-based tools follow a common style called the Eclipse visual style or Eclipse style. # use ERE on Linux (GNU sed) sed -r 'search expression' file # use ERE on BSD sed -E 'search expression' file in-situ editing: By default sed outputs to 'Standard Out' (normally the console/shell). (If your HTML and CSS files use the same encoding, the latest versions of major browsers will apply the encoding of the HTML file to the CSS stylesheet. We wanted to create short, simple guidelines that developers could follow to prevent XSS, rather than simply telling developers to build apps that could protect against all the fancy tricks specified in rather complex attack cheat sheet, and so the OWASP Cheat Sheet Series was born. * Since setting up protection seemed to be unnecessarily hard, it is now possible to give the protection setup in the main configuration file instead of having to use a different file; it is still ok to use a different file. TopStyle 4 includes many new features to help you create and maintain CSS and (X)HTML documents that support best practices and the latest technologies. The only part that might be confusing is the Path="Style Library" the path where the css file would be found relative to the elements. External Style Sheet. " If you want to change paragraph formatting, create a new style for the new format. It does not show how to insert div tags. Getting started. I have a fixed width text file that I needed to edit about 200 rows of. For reading more general text files, MATLAB does not have a function to do it easily (unless you have excel), but you can read very general text files (with different delimiters for both cells and text within cells) using the "textread. Additionally, if you add your. That is the stylesheet. [Duckett, Jon. One usage for "content" is using it alongside with counters to number the images, like "Figure 1", "Table 3-2". There are two mutually exclusive options to create modified files. org to create a new empty file of the same type as the damaged one and save it. ) If you're not in a hosted environment you should use externally located style sheets and images for simpler implementation and better performance. ) Details Using @charset. xsl style sheet, you must save the file in Unicode format. ) in another image based on ASCII character. The command will now be located at Evaluation > Cross Section > Cross Section ASCII Report. Instead, you create them once and use the shortcuts when you need them. Because the expression that you use to close a file or pipeline must exactly match the expression used to open the file or run the command, it is good practice to use a variable to store the file name or command. Cascading Style Sheet (CSS) merupakan salah satu bahasa pemrograman web untuk mengendalikan beberapa komponen dalam sebuah web sehingga akan lebih terstruktur dan seragam. Download Ascii File Generator Trimble - best software for Windows. On the controller this happens automatically when you go into Tally reports. When entering the name of a prototype file, do I need to include the. Finally, we’ve stated that any file that should be cached but isn’t yet should redirect the user to a file named offline. SQL Server connects to the remote data source via an OLE DB provider. And only those web page who are linked with external CSS document. Select Plugins > Add New to open the Plugins Add New Screen. I'm having issues with it. Best Practices for Speeding Up Your Web Site. What follows is the implementation of an external style sheet and how to. Graphviz is open source graph visualization software. You MUST use the escape syntax for the part of the HTML document you're putting untrusted data into. Windows can go online to look it up automatically, or you can manually select from a list of programs that are installed on your computer. Cascading Style Sheets and Style rules are very easy to create. Global changes are easier: If you're using external styles, you make a change in one place and it's automatically propagated to all the pages in the system. 000000000 +0000 @@ -4,3 +4,4 @@ ^make/netbeans/. The 101 Most Useful Websites on the Internet is a frequently updated list of lesser-known but wonderful websites and cool web apps that will make smarter. If you're new to Tech Support Guy, we highly recommend that you visit our Guide for New Members. How to convert/save an Excel file to ASCII comma delimited text file Discussion in ' Business Applications ' started by rpallipamu , Mar 10, 2010. Now, create the following files in src folder under a package named javafx. Validate XML files using a Schema file. Arguably the most difficult task an operator faces in conducting analyses is converting the original data file. Select the Style Set you wish to use. This article explain how to use CSS to hide (or show) screen elements, like a Navigation Menu or a Search button when a page is printed. It defines a color scheme and sub-styles for topics and relations. xml would be Features\MyCustomStyle\Style Library\Custom_theme. j => day without null on beginning (ex: 1). Take, for example, the following code which is to be placed into a style sheet. In this section of CMP 621 you will be able to create web sites that do more than just display information. In this example, we have selected the range A1:C5. This article shows the Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) in ASP. For example, use iOS CSS extensions to control text resizing and element highlighting. JDeveloper supports two options for applying style information to your ADF Faces components: Build a skin and a ca scading style sheet (CSS) using defined sty le selectors and configure your ADF application to use the skin and style sheet. IO Imports System. CSS is a style language which gives HTML documents a sophisticated look. This lesson picks up where that lesson l. however, I was asking for the source of the XML file, not what you see in your browser. For more detailed explanation on how to include the style. The documents in Internet are called ----- Ans: pages. This is the file you should submit to Google Merchant Center. To me it was just like a combo box, but it stayed open all the time and there was no place for the user to type. info file like this: Create a page with its own specific content fields. You can even position any text element without resorting to a table, and create interesting text effects. In these situations, there must be rules as to which style sheet's rule will win out. Also Chris, you use it in your code and pre tags to show the visitors the language of the code. 10, uses predictable file names when creating temporary tables, which allows local users with CREATE TEMPORARY TABLE privileges to overwrite arbitrary files via a symlink attack. The ASCII file must be in a satisfactory format before importing into CaseWare. Defining Styles Using the Cascading Style Sheet Presently the controls in your application "stick" to each other and are usually placed in the upper left-hand corner of the screen. Use this style sheet to create an HTML report when exporting using the XML Exporter in the Process Framework Administration Tool. Compass is an open-source CSS Authoring Framework that allows you to create CSS3 style sheets using Sass. Either use the Search or Filter options to locate a Plugin you would like to use. , use of the style tag inside the area you have access (that will be, on the site, inside the body tag and not in the head tag). How to include cascading style sheets (CSS) in JSF is there a way to reference external CSS files using JSF ? create a “resource” then a “css” folder. For example, if a style sheet sets the color of an element to green, but a script that inspects the resulting style is executed before the sheet is loaded, the script will find that the element is black (or whatever the default color is), and might thus make poor choices (e. Note that block-style elements - and any styling associated with it - will be terminated at a page-break. This article walks through creating, publishing, and attaching a CSS file in HubSpot. Note some of these Style Sheets are already on your TSC2 Create Reports in the Data Collector. If it is in a different format, change the file extension to. Start General Survey 3. That's why we've put together this handy HTML cheat sheet for you to print out & keep by your side as you learn to code HTML, CSS & javascript. File Object Instead we can use the built-in object "file". Join today to get access to thousands of courses. The demos will get increasingly more complex, but ultimately more "user-friendly". Of these nine proposals, two were especially influential on what became CSS: Cascading HTML Style Sheets and Stream-based Style Sheet Proposal (SSP). The CSS Corner: Alternate Style Sheets. To install a plugin: Log in to the WordPress Administration Screens. xml would be Features\MyCustomStyle\Style Library\Custom_theme. Use the datenum function to convert your date and time strings to date numbers and other formats. A macro, though, can be used to copy styles from a global template to the active document. Otherwise, talk with your network support people. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: