A1 English Test Practice

Test your French proficiency against the CEFR standard at Kwiziq French. Also an ASE A1 Engine Repair Quiz and A1 Engine Repair Video designed to reinforce the material studied in this Free ASE Study Guide. Over 2 million people took exams with the British Council last year. Includes selected links to a wide range of free IELTS exam preparation materials, plus useful hints for how to prepare for and pass the IELTS Academic Reading, Academic Writing. All of our HESI practice questions include detailed explanations as well, so be sure to review the. Learning grammatical structures, and hundreds of new words and their definitions in not quite enough to be able to speak English perfectly, and for that reason, Lingualia has developed a simple, flexible learning and practice method to help advance in no time at all. Your teacher can explain any question in the test that you don't understand. Test your Spanish. test definition: 1. If you’re not sure what level your child is at, ask them to try an A1 level activity. There are of course many other types of tests. What is B1 English language test? The B1 English test is suitable for British Settlement, Naturalisation, Spouse visa applications and also to extend spouse visas. Children can continue practising their English with these fun interactive activities. These are topics you need to study at A1 level. There is, therefore, no need to do a specific PTE General course prior to taking the test. Do Does test asks for the difference between do and does. prefiero ir mejor preparada. Invest your time in learning. This Student's Book prepares candidates for the IELTS Life Skills - A1 Speaking and Listening exam which is used to prove language level for UK Visa requirements. This worksheet package is the only printable English test collection currently available on the Internet. Visit Transparent Language to take a language proficiency test, chat with our learner community, and improve your foreign language skills!. The company also sales a study guide for the TOEIC listening and reading test, which comes with listening activities, test-taking tips and practice tests. Take a level test Find your test. Practise and improve your reading skills for your school studies and your English exams. English Reading Practice Test is suitable for the people, who want to improve English reading skill, In this test there are many topic. Take a practice hazard perception test. German Online Test for the course level A1-A2 - with automatic evaluation and explanations in German and English. SC EOC Algebra 1 Practice and Test Review Join 15,000+ South Carolina Teachers Who Rely on USATestprep. Forever free. At our centre we offer preparation courses for UK Border Agency approved, English Language Test, Speaking & Listening exams at B1 entry 3 level, sometimes called the English B1 test, which you need when you are applying for UK Citizenship along with the Life in the UK test. The language assessment test by italian-test. 0212 909 39 53 Toplu sipariş için arayınız Hemen Satın Al Perakande satışlar içindir. If you’re looking for some one-on-one assistance to help you boost your listening skills before an upcoming test, take a look at Oxford Online English. What is the difference between the tests? There are two types of test as different language ability. com Test your Italian. Each section of the test starts with a self-assessment – here you assess how your language skills in particular situations. com has been created according to the European Framework of Reference for Languages. http: PTEGeneral Pages The most easy one i have found is >> CIELT Certificate In E. For finding the Model papers, you can visit the Goethe Institute's website and go to the free learning material they offer. IELTS Life Skills tests how well you can communicate with other people in everyday English. Now you can also print the reading texts and the exercises. It has ten different-2 types of questions which will help you test your knowledge of the relevant topics and will help you fill your knowledge gap on the questions you don't know. It started as a blog for my daughter, who had to study for the KET exam. The Cervantes Spanish language test has 53 questions divided into 5 levels, from beginners (A1) to advanced (C1). It is created by Todd Beuckens, an English teacher based in Japan. Mixed tenses - test 2: Past simple and continuous + Present perfect + Past perfect (pdf) Key with answers 2. If you’re not sure what level your child is at, ask them to try an A1 level activity. Comes with more listening, activities, quizzes and vocabulary. Good luck! Don't forget put comments to help us improve this English Reading Practice app. There are three ways of approaching this mock test: • You can take the test as if it were a real examination • You can use the whole or parts of the test for practice purposes. ENGLISH LISTENING/PRONUNCIATION QUIZ topic: TEST # 1 Welcome to our series of pronunciation practice exercises for ESL students. Take an IELTS test in or nearby Cape Town. IELTS is the world’s most popular English language test. back to languages English >> Spanish 200 TESTS. Learning grammatical structures, and hundreds of new words and their definitions in not quite enough to be able to speak English perfectly, and for that reason, Lingualia has developed a simple, flexible learning and practice method to help advance in no time at all. Live worksheets > English > English as a Second Language (ESL) > Evaluation tests > LAAS A1 MAY 2017 LAAS A1 MAY 2017 This is the LAAS A1(CEF A1) May 2017 test Original test can be found at www. Each Practice Test delivers an experience designed to simulate standards-based, end-of year assessment. On test-english. Ответы разных изданий отличаются — чуда не будет. Use Euroexam's original practice tests to see if you are ready to take the exam, to experience the real exam, and to familiarise yourself with the exam tasks. Browse, try tests and buy tests. Euroexam is the right choice for you if you want an exam which is internationally recognised, and helps you develop real-life English skills. English vocabulary practice test - Around the house 1 (ESL/ELT) - Talking about things around the house. You do not need to specifically prepare before the test, a practice in English conversation is enough. All the Study Materials you need to pass A2 Key (KET) - Courses, Practice Tests, Skills, Language Development. IELTS course, english course, online writing courses, online english speaking. The The GESE Grade 5 (B1) Study Pack is an optional item that helps you to prepare for your GESE Grade 5 test. A few test centers permit take a look at takers to take practice A1 English Test Pakistan in advance than sitting for the actual test, however this is only for the sake of instruction on my own. ESL A1 - Practice English exam papers for elementary level students. Updated to reflect the new specifications for 2018, Cambridge English Qualifications Young Learners Practice Tests A1 Movers Pack includes four practice tests for the A1 Movers level. Authentic Examination Papers 1-2 with answers. Below are three tips to help you get the most out of your SAT practice tests and quizzes. A student who is just beginning to learn English, or who has no prior knowledge of English, is at a pre-A1 level. Your test administrator or teacher will now take you through these. After you get the correct answers, if you still have a problem. Print a sample test and the answer sheet. The six reference English levels are widely accepted as the global standard for grading an individual's language proficiency. The Barton English Vocabulary Test was designed in the summer of 2012. It is interactive and as close to a real-life situation as a test can get. This is a test of some of the skills involved in understanding what you read. Have a look at the free demo test and find out your English level. Free German test online. A1 German Language Level Explained As the Senior Program Coordinator for our Au Pair Abroad programs, I get lots of logistical questions about visa components. You can also find out about the international exams for different languages. CEFR English levels are used by all modern English language books and English language schools. IELTS is the world's most popular English language test. Ha empezar de nuevo. Membership Educators Gift Cards Stores & Events Help. Forever free. International English Language Test System (IELTS) Skills for Life offered by the IELTS SELT Consortium (available in the UK and overseas). We have multiple-choice and gap-fill tests for grammar and vocabulary. This page will help you practise for the PTE General level 1 exams. Reach your English language goals now and in the future, increasing your opportunities for both personal and professional success. A diagnostic test highlights the strong and weak points that a learner may have in a particular area. A collection of ESL, EFL downloadable, printable worksheets, practice exercises and activities to teach about placement, test, placement test English placement. This vocabulary test contains hundreds of unique fill-in-the-blank questions to help you build your vocabulary , level by level. The pattern of the exam is very consistent and it never changes. Find your level by doing our 56 questions of Level Test Elementary A1. Underline the correct answer. The test is called the EFSET Express. IELTS Life Skills is for people who need to prove their English speaking and listening skills at Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR) Levels A1, A2 or B1. The English Speaking test takes about 10 minutes. Get a high score and win an iPod! Back to TestDEN Challenge Login Page. A1 Listening Practice. Select the right answer in every sentence and click on the button at the bottom of the page, then you will see your score and an explanation of every wrong answer is given in Spanish. Now you can also print the reading texts and the exercises. Read the text. SC EOC Algebra 1 Practice and Test Review Join 15,000+ South Carolina Teachers Who Rely on USATestprep. The Preliminary English Test is designed to show that students can use their English in everyday situations when studying, working and travelling. Free TOEFL Practice Test The TOEFL Practice exam takes 30 minutes and contains reading, listening, speaking and writing questions. The more tests you buy, the greater that discount. Free resources for IELTS and general English - all absolutely free!. com: The Best Way to Pass Your Exam!. com you will find everything you need to get ready for your English exam. SAMPLE TESTS 4 - B1 5 - B2. All levels correspond to the Common European Framework of Reference. The test will encourage your child to communicate in real life situations in English and create a positive attitude to language tests. Past Simple. Take our free English grammar level test and find your English level. The KET examination is at Cambridge Level One (Council of Europe Level A2). A high-level English test to check your advanced grammar and vocabulary knowledge. Free Practice Tests for learners of English. Welcome to Practice Test Geeks – Free Practice Tests Based On Official Exams. Absolutely crammed with amazing tips, this is the ideal preparation for your B1 exam. Our book is the NUMBER 1 resource for anyone hoping to pass the assessments. On test-english. It's important to follow official SAT time limits on practice tests. Browse, try tests and buy tests. This site provides students with free listening, reading, and vocabulary practice. Test your English. However, this should only be used as a guide for your English competence. You will get your RESULTS & the CORRECT ANSWERS immediately after completing the questions - every question is multiple choice. Some of these are still in Real Medial (rm) format, but I'm slowly changing them. Breaking News English. Why do I take the test with another test taker? IELTS Life Skills tests how well you can communicate with other people in everyday English. Enjoy your learning. Easy grammar sheets to learn English Ready-to-print grammar sheets: tenses, sentences etc. Our free online English tests are designed to quickly qualify your English reading, writing, listening and speaking fluency. Book your test today. Well, forty minutes, one minute for each sound best. This worksheet package is the only printable English test collection currently available on the Internet. Now you can also print the reading texts and the exercises. How it works- English speaking test criteria. At the end of the test you will be given a percentage and an approximation of your level. Get a high score and win an iPod! Back to TestDEN Challenge Login Page. Mixed tenses - test 2: Past simple and continuous + Present perfect + Past perfect (pdf) Key with answers 2. Choose from three learning levels and go back and repeat an exercise whenever you want - they're free!. English (07) Practice Test. A1-Fit für Österreich Sample tests with answer key. This test will help you to decide which English exam you should do. Learn more. Euroexam Level A1; Euroexam Level A2; Euroexam Level B1; Euroexam Levels B2 and C1; Practise your grammar basics; Course and practice books; Download audio files. Take a look at the ten sentences below. A1 Beginner English conversation practice with trained native speakers to improve your test score and overall English conversation abilities. Test your English level and find out your CEFR Level How long will it take? The DIALANG test has three parts: A placement test —-(10-15 minutes) (Medium Level Difficulty) A self-assessment test —-(optional) (10-15 minutes) You will opinion based questions to reflect on your own language skills. You will get your RESULTS & the CORRECT ANSWERS immediately after completing the questions - every question is multiple choice. Preparing for the Automotive Service Excellence (ASE) A1 – Engine Repair exam and don’t know where to start? Test your knowledge with some free ASE tests and know where you stand! After clicking on your answer, be sure to review what the correct answer and explanation. b) If it is very hot, they sit at / in / under the shade. These three practice tests reflect the structure and content of the official test, providing authentic practice for students at this level. We offer online practice on those areas that you most need to improve in order to obtain your English certificate: grammar, listening, reading and writing. Save time with automatic marking. This is a test of some of the skills involved in understanding what you read. Hey, If you are looking for books in specific I suggest you to go for Studio D A1 -(Buy Studio D A1 (Set of 3 Books + CD) Book Online at Low Prices in India) because I used it when I took up the course in Goethe Institut. Spanish Listening Exercises Loading. The The GESE Grade 5 (B1) Study Pack is an optional item that helps you to prepare for your GESE Grade 5 test. With an approach that matches that of most general English courses, fitting PTE General around a general English program could not be easier. You can practice with 3 test clips for free. What is the difference between the tests? There are two types of test as different language ability. The six reference English levels are widely accepted as the global standard for grading an individual's language proficiency. com has been created according to the European Framework of Reference for Languages. Our English lessons and tests are 100% free but visitors must pay for Internet access. of test required for the immigration route you are applying for. The practice questions aren't used in the real test, but they're based on the same topics as the test. (2015-2007) ( + Audio) Starters. For finding the Model papers, you can visit the Goethe Institute's website and go to the free learning material they offer. Links to other level tests. BUSINESS ENGLISH LISTENING COMPREHENSION We have two different types of exercises to help you practice understanding spoken Business English. Ответы к Macmillan Practice Tests (1-е изд. ESL A1 - Practice English exam papers for elementary level students. This is the easiest section and it consists of a conversation between two people. You can take a series of quick tests to check your level in different languages. IELTS Life Skills is a test of Speaking and Listening and is available at CEFR Levels A1, A2 and B2. Advertisements. in - Buy Cambridge English Qualifications Young Learners Practice Tests: Pre A1: Starters Pack: Practice for Cambridge English Qualifications Pre A1 Starters Level book online at best prices in India on Amazon. You record answers to eight general conversational questions in English language. Would you like to test your level of English? With our free English level test you can test your current level and find out which aspects you could easily improve. An achievement test on the other hand tests the students' knowledge of the material that has been taught on a course. FCE exam practice- Listening Part 1 FCE exam practice- Listening Part 2 FCE exam practice- Listening Part 3 FCE exam practice- ListeningPart 4 Join our group on FB to check answers. INTRODUCTION. Get ready for IELTS Life Skills A1 with the world's English experts and you will: Learn test taking strategies to help you maximise your result Have an expert teacher who knows all about the IELTS Life Skills A1 test Receive feedback on your strengths and areas to improve by doing IELTS Life Skills practice tasks. Read Cambridge English Qualifications Young Learners Practice Tests: Pre A1: Starters Pack: Practice for Cambridge English Qualifications Pre A1 Starters Level book reviews. INFO FOR TEACHERS: Click here for more information. You must stop after 15 minutes and press the "Your. >> Start your test here. Each section of the test starts with a self-assessment – here you assess how your language skills in particular situations. No registration or login!. Read the sample test and write your answers on the answer sheet Play the audio file for the listening section. Used by over 7,000,000 students, IXL provides personalized learning in more than 8,000 topics, covering math, language arts, science, social studies, and Spanish. There are a wide variety of words that will be tested, including many medical terms. Work, learn and live in other countries by taking the IELTS test with the British Council. Texts The texts are written or adapted specifically for the test and recorded in a studio to simulate real spoken language. Test your English grammar and vocabulary free. Test your language level! The test is without obligation and evaluated free of charge! A1 Start (English, German, Spanish, Italian,. VIDEO BASED EXERCISES FOR ESL | Page 1 (Movie Trailers): Welcome to our section of video-based ENGLISH LISTENING COMPREHENSION for ESL (English as a second language) students, a great way to practice understanding real spoken English. Learn about Purdue University's College of Liberal Arts, a college focused on strengthening the Undergraduate Experience, enhancing Graduate Education, and promoting Faculty Excellence. BULATS Speaking Test Part 2 - talk for one minute By helenwest1 Part 2 of the BULATS (Business English) speaking test requires candidates to choose one (from 3) topics and speak for 1 minute. We will be adding listening tests in the future. IELTS Life Skills Official Cambridge Test Practice A1 Audio CDs (2) 9781316507117 CD-Audio -25 February 2016 ↪ English. lots of extra practice, plus 3 practice and 1 timed test. Take a level test Find your test. back to languages English >> Spanish 200 TESTS. Take our free English grammar level test and find your English level. Use Euroexam's original practice tests to see if you are ready to take the exam, to experience the real exam, and to familiarise yourself with the exam tasks. The Level A2 English test is only suitable for Spouse/Partner visas and visa extension. German A1 - Cases. Start learning by reading and doing tasks that will help with your work or travels, your studies or to help you communicate with friends around the world. There are activities for different levels, so find your level and make a start. ESL A1 - Elementary level exam - Paper 1. Learn German Language Tests. Grammar, German Grammar, China, expert, information, Hong Kong, Macau, Macao, study, USA, Barbados, Italy, France, Austria, Portugal, education, Italian, Spain. Start with an audio story (German/English). ɛ l t s /, is an international standardised test of English language proficiency for non-native English language speakers. In addition to this test, students normally have a listening and speaking test. Each section of the test starts with a self-assessment – here you assess how your language skills in particular situations. English Challenge A1/A2 Practice Tests. We add beginner level reading and writing exercises on a regular basis. This is a test of some of the skills involved in understanding what you read. Learn more. Longer Conversation 3. Welcome to Practice Test Geeks – Free Practice Tests Based On Official Exams. Oxford Online English. These examination papers provide the most authentic exam preparation available, allowing candidates to familiarise themselves with the content and format of the exam and to practise useful exam techniques. A1 German Language Level Explained As the Senior Program Coordinator for our Au Pair Abroad programs, I get lots of logistical questions about visa components. The first is reading and writing skills and the second is listening and speaking. com has been created according to the European Framework of Reference for Languages. It is available in Greece in paper-based format. Cambridge Young Learners English Practice Tests Plus Practice Tests Plus KET Practice Tests Plus KET for schools Practice Tests PET Practice Tests Plus PET 3 Practice Tests Plus 2 First New Edition (2015 exam specification) Practice Tests Plus 2 Advanced New Edition ( 2015 exam specification) Practice Tests Plus Proficiency. The English Reading Comprehension Test has been designed and developed to help employers and recruiters evaluate the reading and comprehending skills of candidates for the English language. The more tests you buy, the greater that discount. It is recommended that you take a practice test before you take the actual written test. Would you like to find out how good your German skills really are? Then take a few minutes' time to complete one of the two free online German tests. Access to thousands of test questions, grammar lessons, graphs and much more!. Quick Spelling Tests. The test is called the EFSET Express. IELTS exam test resources - sample practice tests, hints, tips and other useful revision materials for English language learners, to help prepare for the IELTS tests. Part of a free English lesson about reading strategies and understanding simple, high frequency texts. A1-Fit für Österreich Sample tests with answer key. This test should take around 10 to 15 minutes, and once it’s done, you’ll have a good idea of your English level. The word silly in this sentence means:. INFO FOR TEACHERS: Click here for more information. Euroexam Level A1; Euroexam Level A2; Euroexam Level B1; Euroexam Level B2; Tips for the Writing Test. It is available in Greece in paper-based format. practice tests for English exams. The Collins practice tests book for Cambridge English Qualifications: Pre A1 Starters helps young learners to prepare for the Cambridge English Qualifications: Pre A1 Starters test. Succeed in Cambridge English. Enjoy your learning. Forever free. Save time with automatic marking. Print a sample test and the answer sheet. back to languages Download von Postern "Deutsch nach Englisch lernen". It has ten different-2 types of questions which will help you test your knowledge of the relevant topics and will help you fill your knowledge gap on the questions you don't know. Enjoy your learning. Support us today and start preparing for your test without the intrusion of ads. Now you can begin your italian assessment test, based on these international standards. Longer Conversation 3. Your teacher can explain any question in the test that you don't understand. Practice Test Book for Teachers. Interactive Free English Level Test. Test your language level! The test is without obligation and evaluated free of charge! A1 Start (English, German, Spanish, Italian,. Worksheets and downloads. Note: In this test, you must specify your e-mail address exactly, otherwise the results and the corresponding explanations (bilingual in German & English) can not be send to you! material & examples. Euroexam is the right choice for you if you want an exam which is internationally recognised, and helps you develop real-life English skills. an approved English qualification at level B1 (or above) on the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR). INFO FOR TEACHERS: Click here for more information. Get ready for IELTS Life Skills A1 with the world's English experts and you will: Learn test taking strategies to help you maximise your result Have an expert teacher who knows all about the IELTS Life Skills A1 test Receive feedback on your strengths and areas to improve by doing IELTS Life Skills practice tasks. Well, forty minutes, one minute for each sound best. back to languages Download von Postern "Deutsch nach Englisch lernen". The test contains meaningful questions on easy level, medium level, and high-level English paragraphs. Each section of the test starts with a self-assessment - here you assess how your language skills in particular situations. englishprofile. Let's start. At Union Test Prep, we are a small team dedicated to bringing the best test-prep material to you, free of cost. Learn Spanish Language Tests. Don’t forget, you will take the Listening, Reading and Writing tests all in the same day with no breaks in between, so it’s important to do the practice tests under the same conditions as timing is an important part to your success. A1 Reading tests. DELF A1 - adults: Candidate’s document: Sample papers Listening, Reading, Writing: Marker’s document: Answer key for Listening, Reading, Writing: Supervisor’s document: Script of the audio file. Get ready for your road test with our second 30-question practice test, which covers various scoring criteria that your DOL examiner may use. Learn about Purdue University's College of Liberal Arts, a college focused on strengthening the Undergraduate Experience, enhancing Graduate Education, and promoting Faculty Excellence. Oxford Online English. Read the sample test and write your answers on the answer sheet Play the audio file for the listening section. The ESL English language exams and the accompanying answer sheets provided on this site are in downloadable and printable PDF files. There is, therefore, no need to do a specific PTE General course prior to taking the test. Preparing for the Automotive Service Excellence (ASE) A1 – Engine Repair exam and don’t know where to start? Test your knowledge with some free ASE tests and know where you stand! After clicking on your answer, be sure to review what the correct answer and explanation. com has been created according to the European Framework of Reference for Languages. The six reference English levels are widely accepted as the global standard for grading an individual's language proficiency. Ответы разных изданий отличаются — чуда не будет. All Euroexam practice tests include audioscripts and a full answer key. IELTS Listening Test Part 1 Practice. Test your French proficiency against the CEFR standard at Kwiziq French. About 4Tests // Partners // Advertising. Each passage is followed by a number of questions. · Más ejercicios de audio agrupados por niveles (Básico / Intermedio / Avanzado) con distintos acentos en inglés y con preguntas de comprensión, las respuestas a las preguntas y la trascripción del texto que podrás visualizar o imprimir. Working through practice questions is a great way to prepare for this test. The best way to test these skills is to pair candidates at a similar level of ability, so you can show how well you can speak English to communicate and engage in discussion with others. A new shorter Javascript version of the quiz can now be found here. Normally in a school placement, you complete a grammar test and would also have a thorough interview with a teacher to truly assess your English skills. Take a practice hazard perception test. Authentic Examination Papers 1-2 with answers. Take a practice hazard perception test. How do I prepare. Easy grammar sheets to learn English Ready-to-print grammar sheets: tenses, sentences etc. There are rules regarding prepositions, in. BUSINESS ENGLISH LISTENING COMPREHENSION We have two different types of exercises to help you practice understanding spoken Business English. There are 5 reading tasks and we've included practice tests for each part below. These communicative tests of everyday English standardised to the levels of the Common European Framework. English Grammar Practice Test [Comparatives and Superlatives] - 2. In Task 1, candidates are asked to respond to a situation, by writing a letter, for example, requesting information or explaining a situation. English language e-learning - your opportunity to efficiently study English anywhere, anytime. No listening text exceeds 180 words in length. Suitable for self-study or use class. At this stage, the student should be able to interact in a simple ways. back to languages English >> Spanish 200 TESTS. Do Does test asks for the difference between do and does. Here it's for you, with many categories and more than THOUSANDs conversations, it will be your best friend. Select the right answer in every sentence and click on the button at the bottom of the page, then you will see your score and an explanation of every wrong answer is given in Spanish. GESE Grade 2 is a 6 minute one-to-one, face-to-face interview with an examiner. Underline the correct answer. Work, learn and live in other countries by taking the IELTS test with the British Council. Below is our free HESI A2 Vocabulary practice test. Easily identify areas of weakness to focus on in class. Are you a candidate about to sit an Aptis test? Familiarise yourself with the format of the Aptis test with our videos and our Candidate Guide to help you become familiar with Aptis grammar and vocabulary, listening, reading, speaking and writing tests. The program comes complete with an enormous database of English language usage—more than 50,000 sentences illustrating over 2,500 keywords. (2015-2007) ( + Audio) Starters. Take a level test Find your test. Test yourself and improve your English with our online exercises. Official Cambridge English A1 Starters resources for Candidates | SWISS EXAMS. The language assessment test by italian-test. Practise and improve your reading skills for your school studies and your English exams. Mixed tenses - test 3:. The following simple English grammar tips and tricks will help you to learn and memorize English grammar rules and speak correctly. The first test is A1 (beginner) and they are then numbered by level from 1 – 5, with the PTE General Level 5 being the equivalent of a C2 or Proficiency exam. We will be adding listening tests in the future. It has two writing tasks of 150 words and 250 words. the test to transfer these answers to an answer sheet. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: